The number of Filipinos who don’t have jobs swelled to more than 10 million, results of a Social Weather Stations (SWS) survey in the second quarter of the year revealed.
The SWS defines unemployed as those who are not working, looking for work and available for work.
The survey, conducted from June 5 to 8 with 1,200 respondents nationwide, placed the joblessness rate at 23.2 percent, or equivalent to 10.5 million Filipinos.
The figures are 4.1 points higher than the 19.1 percent recorded by the pollster in the first quarter.
A total of 11 percent or 4.7 million people voluntarily left their jobs while 10 percent or 4.4 million of those surveyed were retrenched.
Six percent were the so-called “endo” or workers whose employment contract had ended and were no longer renewed.
The survey has a margin of error of ±3 percent for national percentages and ±6 percent each for Metro Manila, rest of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.
By age, gender
Joblessness remains higher among women at 31.3 percent or 3.7 percentage points more than the 27.6 percent recorded in the last quarter.
Among men, 16.9 percent were jobless, also an increase from 12.2 percent in March.
Joblessness also rose across all age brackets with the biggest recorded among the youngest group.
The results show 11 percent of respondents who are at least 45 years old were jobless; 35-44 years old group, 20 percent; 25-34 years old, 29 percent; and 18-24 years old, 55 percent.
SWS, however, also found in the same survey period optimism among Filipinos that work would become available this year eroded three points to a “fair” +17 from March’s “high” 20.
Thirty-six percent of Filipinos are optimistic that they will find jobs this year, 33 percent said it would stay the same and 19 percent said the number of job opportunities would be slimmer.
The SWS describes a net optimism score of +30 and above as “very high”; +20 to +29 “high”; +10 to +19 “fair”; +1 to +9 “mediocre”; -9 to zero “low”; and -10 and down “very low.”
Commenting on the survey results, Malacañang gave assurances that it would continue to pursue initiatives to provide employment for Filipinos and improve their lives.
“Government continues to address the unemployment problem by creating more job opportunities from the growth and expansion of the economy, intensified vocational and technical training and focusing on priority sectors such as agriculture, infrastructure and tourism,” Communications Secretary Herminio Coloma Jr. said in a text message.
“We note that while the reported joblessness rate has increased, optimism about job openings has remained relatively high,” he added.