THE third-quarter survey of the Social Weather Station (SWS) showed that 10.8 million Filipino households rated themselves as poor.
The SWS said the respondents saw their situation as “generally unchanged” from their June level.
Self-rated poverty was not significantly different from the previous quarter, or from the four-quarter average of 2012 either,” the SWS said. The survey was first published on BusinessWorld on Monday.
“But self-rated food poverty was lowest of [the]past four quarters, and significantly less than the average of 2012,” it added.
The survey revealed that self-rated poverty went up slightly to 50 percent from 49 percent (10.4 million households) in June, with fewer families rating themselves as food poor.
Self-rated food poverty fell to 37 percent (7.9 million households) from 40 percent (8.5 million households) in June.
In 2012, self-rated poverty averaged 52 percent, while food poor averaged 41 percent.
SWS made the survey from September 20 to 30 using face-to-face interviews with 1,200 adult Filipinos nationwide.
The pollster added that families continued to tighten their belts, with self-rated poverty thresholds still “sluggish” despite higher inflation.
Citing its median thresholds, the survey said that “the monthly budget that would satisfy the poorer half of the poor households,” increased to P15,000 in Metro Manila, P10,000 in Balance Luzon and the Visayas, and P9,500 in Mindanao.
Median self-rated food poverty thresholds, or the “monthly food budgets that food-poor households need in home expenses in order not to consider themselves food-poor,” went up to P8,500 in Metro Manila and to P5,000 in the Visayas.
It stayed at P5,000 in Balance Luzon and P4,000 in Mindanao.
The SWS said the September’s self-rated poverty figures could have been “roughly due” to a decline in Balance Luzon and a rise in Mindanao.
The SWS said Luzon families that considered themselves poor fell to 42 percent in September from 48 percent in June. The percentage had “been above 40 percent in 10 out of 13 surveys since September 2010.”
In Mindanao, there was 14-point increase to 61 percent, though it was below the 67 percent average in 2012.
In the Visayas, self-rated poverty rose to 62 percent from 57 percent in June.
In Metro Manila, self-rated poverty went up to 44 percent from 40 percent in June. Food-poor figures in Balance Luzon fell to 30 percent in September, from 42 percent in June.
But food poverty went up 47 percent in Mindanao, eight points up from June.
Two-point increases were registered in Visayas and Metro Manila, with food poverty at 46 percent in the Visayas and 29 percent in Metro Manila.