• Antonio Luna not assassinated? Puñeta

    REEL MEN  The feisty revolutionary general’s men in a still picture from the film ‘Heneral Luna’ (from left) Col. Manuel Bernal (Art Acuña), Col. Paco Roman (Joem Bascon), Capt. Eduardo Rusca (Archie Alemania), Gen. Antonio Luna (John Arcilla), Gen. Jose Alejandrino (Alvin Anson), and Capt. Jose Bernal (Alex Medina).  PHOTO FROM THE ‘HENERAL LUNA’ FACEBOOK PAGE

    The feisty revolutionary general’s men in a still picture from the film ‘Heneral Luna’ (from left) Col. Manuel Bernal (Art Acuña), Col. Paco Roman (Joem Bascon), Capt. Eduardo Rusca (Archie Alemania), Gen. Antonio Luna (John Arcilla), Gen. Jose Alejandrino (Alvin Anson), and Capt. Jose Bernal (Alex Medina).

    TRANSPORTATION Secretary Joseph Emilio “Jun” Abaya is a great grandson of Emilio Aguinaldo, considered as the First President of the Philippines (1899–1901).

    Aguinaldo was head of the revolutionary forces that proclaimed Philippine independence from Spain on June 12, 1898 in Kawit, Cavite.

    The current box office sensation is Jerrold Tarrog’s “Heneral Luna”, a movie about Gen. Antonio Luna, the disciplinarian and temperamental commander of the Philippine Revolutionary Forces.

    Tarrog’s “Heneral Luna” was based on the book “The Rise and Fall of Antonio Luna” by retired University of the Philippines Professor Vivencio R. Jose.

    The highlight of the movie is the brutal assassination of Luna. Scenes previous to that suggested it was on orders of Aguinaldo. So powerful is that scene that it’s almost impossible not to hate Aguinaldo after watching it.

    While other Aguinaldo descendants were not heard commenting on the movie, Abaya last week came out with his own alternative truth about Luna’s death.

    Abaya said “I’ve read enough books, there are other versions. As to what really transpired, I don’t think he was assassinated.”

    Abaya’s comment instantly drew derision in social media reminiscent of his infamous remark about Metro Manila traffic “not fatal.”

    Jowana Bueser said, “Hindi ‘assassination’? Suicide ba ang ikinamatay ni Heneral Luna?

    “Mawalang galang na po Sir, hindi tulad nang pagkakaintindi mo sa trapik, ang mga sugat na natamo ni Luna ay fatal.”

    Eimee C. Lagrama said: :”Paano yun? Tinaga nya sarili nya?”

    Ging Villanueva Gumabay dripped with sarcasm: “Likas lang daw kasing bayolente ang pagkatao ni luna kaya’t tinaga at binaril nya ang kanyang sarili.”

    So was Marilyn Robles, a Lupus patient, “Ah nakatayo kasi sa initan si Gen. Luna. Hinimatay. Nilapitan. Patay.”


    Abaya should read this part of the article by Mylah Roque, who interviewed the author, Jose, for VERA Files: “The scene that people would probably remember most would be the murder of Luna by soldiers from Kawit led by Capt. Pedro Janolino (Ketchup Eusebio). Soldiers took turn hacking Luna by the Cabanatuan convent. The scene is faithful to the accounts of primary sources as narrated by Jose: Luna dying with fist clenched; of the soldiers fearfully stepping back when Luna, already on the ground and dying, turned to his right; Buencamino ordering the soldiers to get all papers from his body, an old lady asking from within the convent if Luna was still moving; and of the soldiers looting the bodies of Luna and Col. Francisco ‘Paco’ Roman. One of the accounts about the killing indicated that the hacking of Luna was so violent that ‘even the intestines were already out after the undershirt had been taken off up to near the waist.’”

    There’s also the column by historian Ambeth Ocampo in the Inquirer titled “The way Antonio Luna died” based on papers and memorabilia on the Luna brothers ( Antonio’s brother is Juan Luna, the genius who painted “Spoliarium” which was brilliantly re-created in the post-assassination scene in the movie.)

    Here are portions of Ocampo’s column:

    “What many people do not know is that an even bigger treasure was neglected in the Heritage Art Gallery—the papers and memorabilia not just of Juan Luna but also of his brother, the ill-fated Gen. Antonio Luna, who was assassinated in Cabanatuan in 1899 by soldiers he had disarmed and discharged. These soldiers were loyal to Emilio Aguinaldo, who took most of the blame for Luna’s assassination when the list of conspirators should include others in his cabinet who wished Luna dead…

    “In one box, for example, I saw the painting frock of Juan Luna as well as his brushes and palette. In another box, I saw the bloodied uniform of Antonio Luna that was preserved by his mother as a grisly reminder of his tragic death.

    “I focused on a box that contained Antonio Luna’s papers—his student notebooks (which came complete with fine drawings of specimens he observed through a microscope) and the papers of his mature life: letters (including a batch of racy love letters from a woman named “Paquita”), parts of a journal, official military papers, etc. …

    “When I was watching the film “Heneral Luna,” I waited for the assassination scene and got more than I bargained for. The violence in the last part of the movie would definitely merit an “R” rating in my book, but in the Philippines, people are more offended, or pretend to be offended, by sex in the cinema.

    “I went through my notes after watching the film, and wondered why the assassins were never punished. It is odd to even think that it was a case of self-defense because it was one man against a company of soldiers. One would think that once wounded, Luna was easy to disarm and contain, but that he received more than 30 wounds from bolos and gunshots is proof that much anger was released in that killing. One or two fatal wounds would have been enough for an ordinary murder, but 30? Then, of course, we have heard of Aguinaldo’s mother watching the murder from a window in the convent and, when all was done, shouting for confirmation that Luna had indeed been killed: “Nagalaw pa ba yan?”

    Ocampo also wrote “Who really ordered Luna’s murder?” last June. Abaya should also read that.

    Antonio Luna not assassinated? Puñeta.


    Please follow our commenting guidelines.


    1. Beatriz Nicolas on

      Ang mga ganitong mga movie ay magsisilbing tagapagmulat sa ating lahat kung ano ang tunay na nangyari sa kasaysayan. Makikilala natin ang tunay na karapat- dapat tanghaling bayani.Makikilala ang mga pagkakamali sa nakalipas na hindi na dapat na maulit sa kasalukuyan at makikita ng mga kadakilaang dapat tularan.

    2. Politiics then and now is still the same. DIRTY. Filipinos at that time didn’t need to kill their fellow men because we’re at war! We need men to fight the American colonizers, But what do you expect from people who only wants power and sovereignity for themselves? After watching watching Heneral Luna, it’s hard not to despise Aguinaldo for what he have done. Specially when, ever since your childhood you think of him as a fine man that fought for our nation. Until you eventually you knew that he commanded his men to assassinate Andres Bonifacio and now, also Antonio Luna?

    3. I know the story but the wealth came from Masonry, not from Filipino Forces. He did not steal it. Masons are wealthy people,they gathered money and gave it to Luna to finance something but since Luna needs to see Aguinaldo that time, he asks his girlfriend(Cojuangco) to keep the money and will get it when he comes back but he died. The masons did not see his girlfriend eversince..after few years Cojuanco became wealthy.

    4. What is ther to fuss about. This administration is full of alternative truths and in incompetent , callous and irresponsible people in government representsed by the man on top… Stupidity knows no bounds .. They have fooled the people for so long with their slogans of Laban .. Galungong(check its price today) mayo ang bosses namin , matuwid na daan that proponents of the color yellow think this can go on forever… God give us strength to get rid of this dark sordid part of our history … The sooner the better

      • Tama ka dyan bro. Sana maayos ang ating kasaysayan isang magandang pamana yan sa mga kabataan kung ano talaga pinagmulan natin.. Marami di alam kung sino ba si Antonio Luna at mga iba pa.. sana magkaroon ng isang museum na andun lahat ang ating history.

    5. Have you heard of the story that Luna stole all the treasures captured by Filipino forces and that was the reason he was killed? According to that story he hid all that wealth with his girlfriend who was carrying his child, one of the Cojuangco sisters whose name i forget from Bulacan. After his death the family moved to Tarlac and those treasures became the basis for the Cojuangco’s fabulous wealth. Luna’s son was named Antonio after him and was made to appear as the son of the girlfriend’s brother. Luna’s paramour stayed single all her life. That woman was Tonyboy Cojuangco’s grandmother. Yes that Tonyboy whose famous mistress is Gretchen Barreto is Gen. Antonio Luna’s grandson. We can settle the mystery of this intriguing legend if we can take DNA samples of Tonyboy’s father and Gen. Antonio Luna if we know where he is buried. If it tests positive, then we can start moves to confiscate their ill-gotten wealth.