President Benigno Aquino 3rd and other high public officials, including members of the government peace panel and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), were charged with treason at the Office of the Ombudsman on Wednesday.
Former Immigration Commissioner and Assemblyman Homobono Adaza and businessman Herman Tiu Laurel filed the complaint.
“We are charging PNoy [Aquino] and the other respondents of treason under Article ii4  of the Revised Penal Code,” they said.
Named respondents were Aquino, Presidential Peace Adviser Teresita Deles, government peace panel head Miriam Coronel-Ferrer, Senate President Franklin Drilon, Speaker Feliciano Belmonte Jr., MILF Chairman Murad Ebrahim, MILF chief negotiator Mohagher Iqbal, MILF Vice Chairman Ghazali Jaafar and several John Does.
The complainants accused Aquino of committing treason by entering into a deal with the MILF, committing to pass a law that they said violates the Constitution and “which gives aid and comfort to the enemies of the country.”
They said the P5 million that the President gave to Murad could have been used in the killing of “44 SWAT [sic]commandos” in Mamasapano.
Aquino, the complainants added, committed treason when he issued a “stand-down order not to reinforce the SAF commandos at Mamasapano to save the BBL [and]by refusing to state whether the American government was involved in the Mamasapano operation, among others.”
SAF is the Philippine National Police’s Special Action Force. BBL is the proposed Bangsamoro Basic Law.
The BBL, seen to establish lasting peace in the country’s southern region, will create the Bangsamoro to replace the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. The proposed measure is the result of a peace deal between the government and the MILF.
Adaza and Laurel were referring to the January 25 clash between members of the Special Action Force who were on a mission to capture Malaysian terrorist Zulkifli bin Hir alias Marwan and MILF fighters.
Belmonte and Drilon, the complainants alleged, committed treason by “conspiring with PNoy [Aquino] in endorsing the passage of an unconstitutional agreement, bill and commitment as well as all the treasonous acts of PNoy.”
Ferrer and Deles committed treason, they said, by conspiring with Aquino in drafting the peace agreement with the MILF.
Adaza and Laurel said the BBL, which is pending in Congress, violates several provisions of the Constitution.