THE Aquino administration was rated “poor” in controlling inflation and oil prices as well as in resolving the Maguindanao massacre case in a review of the Social Weather Stations (SWS) surveys in 2013 held at the Asian Institute of Management on Tuesday.
The net satisfaction rating of President Benigno Aquino 3rd in checking inflation was a -10 percent, almost the same as his late mother, Corazon Aquino’s performance in this area in 1992 or 21 years ago.
In ensuring that oil prices are not unduly raised, Aquino got a -14 percent rating, a big drop from neutral in 2011.
In resolving the Maguindanao massacre, the administration was rated -26 percent in 2013, much lower than the -1 percent rating for former President Gloria Arroyo in 2009.
The SWS surveys last year covered 1,550 adult respondents who also disproved the pronouncements of their congressmen that they were giving their Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF), or pork barrel, to their constituents.
Of those surveyed, 67 percent said their areas did not benefit from PDAF projects while 42 percent or nearly half said their congressmen were the ones who financially benefited from the projects implemented in their communities.
This is the reason why the move to scrap the PDAF gained momentum in 2013. The pork barrel system was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court late last year.
Of those surveyed, 60 percent said the PDAF was wasted through corruption and 58 percent agreed with the High Court’s ruling.
The respondents also said attempts to reduce poverty were not been felt by the poor for over two decades, with 55 percent of the sampled population perceiving themselves as poor in 1983, almost the same as in 2013, indicating that government’s declaration of economic growth has not really trickled down.
The administration received a neutral rating from the respondents in its fight against corruption and hunger.
In the survey of enterprises on corruption, respondents who said they saw “a lot” of corruption in the public sector rose to 56 percent in 2013 (the second lowest since 2000) from a record low of 43 percent in 2012, the SWS said.
In that survey, 42 percent of the respondents said most or almost all companies in their sector of business gave bribes to win government contracts, a slight uptick from the record low of 41 percent or the record low in 2012.
Those with personal knowledge of public sector corruption in their sector of business in the last three months of 2013 rose to 38 percent from a record low of 33 percent in the same period of the previous year.
Those with extensive knowledge of the administration’s anti-corruption efforts fell slightly to 35 percent in 2013 from 37 percent in 2012.
Despite the low grades he got in some areas, the President still enjoyed a net satisfaction rating of 51 percent.
At least 86 percent of the 1,550 respondents said the pace of the Maguindanao massacre trial is “much too slow.” It is the highest dissatisfaction from 75 percent complaining about the pace in March 2011 and 74 percent in August 2012.
Aquino vowed to resolve the massacre during his campaign for the presidency.
The government was rated “very good” in terms of helping victims of disasters (+68 percent), providing basic elementary and high school education (+67 percent), defending the country’s territorial rights (+52 percent), transparency in government activities (+51 percent) and foreign relations (+50 percent).
In terms of helping the poor, the administration was rated “good” (+49 percent), as well as in promoting the welfare of overseas Filipino workers (+44 percent), providing jobs (+36 percent), and fighting terrorism (+33 percent).
It got a “moderate” rating in reconciling with communist rebels (+21 percent) and with Muslim rebels and got 18 percent for fighting crimes.
The government was rated “neutral” in eradicating graft and corruption (+8 percent) and ensuring that no family will be hungry (+2 percent).