BEIJING: Countries in Southeast Asia have “serious concerns” over recent events in the disputed West Philippine Sea (South China Sea), an unusually strongly worded communique issued by their foreign ministers in China said Tuesday.
In a rare diplomatic slap in the face for Beijing — issued on its own territory — the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) offered a sharp rebuke over China’s actions in the waterway.
“We expressed our serious concerns over recent and ongoing developments, which have eroded trust and confidence, increased tensions and which may have the potential to undermine peace, security and stability in the South China Sea,” its communique said without mentioning China by name.
China claims nearly all of the disputed sea — a vast tract of water through which a huge chunk of global shipping passes.
It has bolstered its claim by building artificial islands including airstrips in the area, some of which are suitable for military use.
The Philippines, Taiwan, Brunei, Malaysia and Vietnam have competing claims to parts of the sea, which is believed to harbor significant oil and gas deposits.
The ASEAN statement, which speaks of “a candid exchange with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi” — diplomatic talk for a row — was forthright on the dangers of this island-building program.
“We emphasized the importance of non-militarization and self-restraint in the conduct of all activities, including land reclamation, which may raise tensions in the South China Sea,” the communique said.
“We stressed the importance of maintaining peace, security, stability, safety and freedom of navigation in and overflight above the South China Sea, in accordance with universally recognised principles of international law including the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).”
The bloc’s finger-wagging, after a Special ASEAN-China Foreign Ministers’ meeting in Kunming, comes as the region braces for a ruling by a UN tribunal on a claim brought by the Philippines against China.
China does not recognize the arbitration and has reacted angrily to the Philippines’ legal efforts over the Beijing-controlled Scarborough Shoal, which sits just 230 kilometers off the main Philippine island of Luzon.
“We articulated ASEAN’s commitment to maintaining and promoting peace, security and stability in the region, as well as to the peaceful resolution of disputes,” the statement said.
The includes “full respect for legal and diplomatic processes, without resorting to the threat or use of force, in accordance with universally recognized principles of international law, including the UNCLOS and the UN Charter.”
China has been roundly criticized in the international community for its strong-arm tactics in both the South China Sea and the East China Sea, where it is embroiled in a separate dispute with Japan.
Washington has repeatedly cautioned Beijing to exercise restraint in the region, and has sent warships through the waters on designated “Freedom of Navigation” missions.
It has also chided the Asian giant in recent weeks over what it says are “unsafe” intercepts of US spy planes by Chinese fighter jets.
China’s stance on the sea is “in line with international law”, its top diplomat Yang Jiechi said last month, insisting his country’s position “will not change.”