RASHIDIN, Syria: Hundreds of civilians and fighters who have been under crippling siege for more than two years left four Syrian towns in fleets of buses on Friday (Saturday in Manila) under a delayed evacuation deal.
Men, women and children packed onto buses leaving government-controlled Fuaa and Kafraya and rebel-held Madaya and Zabadani, with many expressing despair at not knowing when they might return.
“When I first went onto the bus, I broke down from sadness, I fell on the ground and they had to help me,” said Fuaa resident Abu Hussein.
“I just couldn’t bear it.”
The deal to evacuate the towns is the latest in a string of such agreements through Syria’s six-year civil war.
They have been touted by the government as the best way to end the fighting but rebels say they are forced out by siege and bombardment.
Critics say deals are permanently changing the ethnic and religious map, but in an exclusive interview with Agence France-Presse this week President Bashar al-Assad insisted the evacuations were only temporary and people would return once the “terrorists” had been defeated.
At least 80 buses left Fuaa and Kafraya in Idlib province in the northwest, an Agence France-Presse correspondent in rebel-held territory said.
They arrived at a marshalling point in Rashidin, west of second city Aleppo, followed by 20 ambulances.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said 5,000 people had left the two towns, including 1,300 pro-government fighters.
‘Madaya cried today’
The Observatory said 2,200 people from Zabadani and Madaya had left, among them 400 rebels.
Madaya resident Amjad al-Maleh, speaking from a departing bus, told Agence France-Presse that rebels among the evacuees had been allowed to keep light weapons.
“It is a very bad feeling when you see those who besieged you and killed you with hunger and bombardment right in front of you,” Maleh said.
“Madaya cried today—the ones who stayed and the ones who left.”
More than 30,000 people are expected to be evacuated under the deal, which began on Wednesday with an exchange of prisoners.
All 16,000 residents of Fuaa and Kafraya are expected to leave, heading to government-held Aleppo, the coastal province of Latakia, or Damascus.
Civilians from Madaya and Zabadani will reportedly be allowed to remain if they choose. Those who opt to leave will head to rebel-held territory in Idlib.
The four towns are party to a longstanding agreement reached in 2015 that requires aid deliveries and evacuations to be carried out simultaneously.
But access has been limited, with food and medical shortages causing malnutrition, illness and even death among besieged residents.
The UN says 4.72 million Syrians are in hard-to-reach areas, including 600,000 people under siege, mostly by the Syrian army, but also by rebels or the Islamic State group.
There has been a series of evacuations in recent month, mostly around the capital Damascus but also from the last rebel-held district of Syria’s third city Homs. The rebels have charged that Assad’s regime is deliberately forcing civilians to leave to alter the country’s sectarian map.