Business executives in the country remain optimistic in the local business climate, according to the latest result of Social Weather Station (SWS) Survey of Enterprises on Corruption.
The survey is based on interviews among 951 companies; a mix from large enterprises and small and medium enterprises (SMEs).
Bulk of the enterprises or a total of 351 respondents were from Metro Manila while 100 respondents each from Angeles, Cavite-Laguna-Batangas, Iloilo, Cebu, Davao, and Cagayan de Oro-Iligan.
The survey rated the business climate in the country as “good” after respondents’ answers showed:
(a) 70 percent satisfaction in the national government in promoting a good business climate in 2013 versus 2012’s 69 percent satisfaction rating;
(b) 67 percent satisfaction in the city government in promoting a good business climate in 2013 versus 2012’s 67 percent satisfaction rating;and,
(c) business expectations for the next two years are excellent or good has hit 76 percent in 2013 versus 2012’s record of 74 percent.
This is despite the same respondents said they are “seeing a lot of corruption in the public sector” in 2013 reaching 56 percent from 2012’s 43 percent.
”Forty-two percent say ‘most (or) almost all’ companies in their own sector of business give bribes to win government contracts, practically the same as the record-low 41 percent in 2012,” the survey mentioned.
Moreover, the Office of the President remained its “excellent” net sincerity rating in fighting corruption.
The survey said the Office of the President got +77 in 2013, +80 in 2012, from 2009’s “bad” rating of -37.
Government departments with “very good” net sincerity rating include: Trade and industry (+58), Health (+53), Social Security System (+52), Social Welfare and Development (+52).
Agencies with “good” net sincerity rating are: Department of Education (+49), Department of Labor and Employment (+43), Supreme Court (+36), and Department of Justice (+35).
Public offices with “moderate” net sincerity rating are: city government (+23), Office of the Ombudsman (+23), Commission on Audit (+22), Department of Interior and Local Government (+20), and Sandiganbayan (+15).
Agencies with “neutral” rating include: Trial courts (+9), Department of Budget and Management (+9), Department of Transportation and Communication (+8), Commission of Elections (+7), Department of Environment and Natural Resources (-4) and Senate (-8).
Offices that were given “poor” ratings are: Bureau of Internal Revenue (-10), Department of Public Works and Highways (-22), Philippine National Police (-24), and House of Representatives (-28).
Land Transportation Office got “bad” net sincerity in fighting against corruption with rating of -32.
”The sole agency with Very Bad net sincerity rating is the Bureau of Customs,” the survey said. The Customs posted -63 in 2013.
The Survey of Enterprises on Corruption of the SWS, which was supported by Australian Aid – The Asia Foundation Partnership in the Philippines, National Competitiveness Council, and Makati Business Club’s Integrity Initiative.
It was conducted from July 31 to November 29 last year. PNA