BEIJING – China expressed “regret” Monday at South Korea’s expansion of its air defense identification zone, weeks after Beijing provoked regional fury by establishing its own.
Seoul and Tokyo, along with Washington, which is in security alliances with them both, have all refused to accept Beijing’s air defence identification zone (ADIZ).
The Chinese ADIZ overlaps with both Japan and South Korea’s, which were set up decades ago, and includes areas claimed by both countries.
Beijing has lashed out at historic rival Tokyo, with which it is embroiled in a row over islands in the East China Sea that has escalated since last year.
But in contrast Beijing has sought to cultivate friendly relations with Seoul, even though the expanded South Korean ADIZ covers a contested submerged rock known as Ieodo in Korea and Suyan in China.
At a regular press briefing foreign ministry spokesman Hong Lei expressed regret over Seoul’s announcement Sunday that it was expanding its ADIZ by about 66,480 square kilometres (25,670 square miles) — roughly two thirds the size of the country.
“China expresses regret over the ROK’s decision to expand its ADIZ,” he said, referring to the formal name Republic of Korea.
“China will stay in communication with the ROK based on equality and mutual respect. We hope that the ROK will meet China halfway,” he continued.
“Suyan is a submerged reef. It is not a territory. China and ROK have consensus on that. The relevant issues can only be solved through negotiation of maritime demarcation,” he said.
China’s state-run media downplayed the issue, with the Chinese-language edition of the Global Times, which normally strikes a nationalist tone, saying in an editorial: “China will not make a big deal out of this right now.”
South Korea’s move to extend its air zone — the first revision to its air defence area for 62 years — was “opportunistic” in light of the more serious standoff between Beijing and Tokyo, it said, but added that “China respects Korea’s interests”.
“Korea is a friendly and important partner in China’s development. Hopefully Korea will fully respond to China’s goodwill, not go over the line,” it said.
No editorials on the subject appeared in other major outlets, including the ruling Communist Party paper, the People’s Daily, or the state news agency Xinhua, while reports on the news were mild.
“Although it objectively overlaps with China’s ADIZ, it’s an action South Korea took to ensure its interests and the demands of its people,” the Global Times English-language news report quoted foreign affairs expert Su Hao as saying.
The move was not hostile, it cited Su as saying, though another expert was quoted as calling it provocative.
The China Daily, citing naval expert Yin Zhuo, said “Beijing and Seoul know that neither China’s announcement nor South Korea’s expansion is an offensive measure”.
China established its ADIZ in late November, requiring all aircraft within it to obey its instructions or risk unspecified “defensive emergency measures”.
The US, Japan and South Korea accused China of unilaterally changing the status quo and flew military and paramilitary aircraft into the area in shows of defiance.
Analysts have said Beijing established the ADIZ to further assert its claim to the islands known as Diaoyu in China and Senkaku in Japan, which controls them.