BEIJING: Toxic smog has found itself in the dock in China, as the authorities are taken to court over a problem that has choked entire regions, put public health at risk and forced the closure of schools and roads.
At the helm is a group of human rights lawyers, who despite increasing government hostility to their work on some of China’s most sensitive cases, say popular feeling is behind them when it comes to pollution that is literally off the charts.
“Chinese people aren’t too concerned about societal problems and things that aren’t happening to them personally, but this issue is different: everyone is a victim and is personally influenced by breathing polluted air,” lawyer Yu Wensheng told AFP.
He is among a group of six lawyers who began filing their suits in December after a choking cloud of haze descended on China’s northeast, affecting some 460 million people.
The campaign comes amid growing public anger over China’s bad air, which has fuelled protests and spurred emigration among the wealthy.
Yu, who has defended prominent civil rights lawyers targeted by the government and people detained for supporting Hong Kong’s pro-democracy movement, said the importance and impact of the pollution suit “far exceeds” his previous human rights cases.
Even acquaintances opposed to Yu’s politics and police at a client’s detention center had expressed support, he said, noting it was “very unusual.”
However, there are concerns authorities might be trying to muzzle online discussion on the issue and quell discontent by suppressing information on air quality.
In December, a week of thick haze forced cities across the northeast to go on “red alert” for nearly a week, closing schools, factories and construction sites and taking around half of vehicles off the roads.
As visibility dropped and airports cancelled hundreds of flights, people took to social media to vent their rage against a government that had long promised to solve the problem.
But comments about the heavy smog quickly began disappearing from the web.
On Wednesday, the Meteorological Administration also ordered local weather bureaus to stop issuing smog alerts, which authorities said was intended to improve coordination.
A document submitted by Yu’s associate to the Beijing Second Intermediate People’s Court accused the government of “severe dereliction of duty” in pollution management and sacrificing human health in pursuit of “toxic GDP growth” by turning a blind eye to the excessive emissions of local companies.
The lawyers have little hope of winning or even successfully filing their cases and are viewing the suits as “mostly symbolic,” Yu said.