• Citizen Poe


    LET’S start from the end.

    Senator Grace Poe has emerged as the front-runner candidate for presidency in 2016. Even President BS Aquino 3d met her – and not the VP.

    Obviously, to President Aquino, VIP muna, bago VP.

    And with the presidency at stake, candidates are scrutinized for their qualifications, eligibility, popularity and win-nability – not necessarily in that order.

    Rewind to Senator Grace Poe’s family and citizenship history.

    It is public knowledge that she is an adopted daughter of the late Fernando Poe, Jr. and Susan Roces.

    The adoption itself is not the issue but rather Senator Poe’s citizenship since Grace is being wooed by various polit-ical parties and coalition groups. She also has expressed her willingness to pursue a higher calling.

    Whether that would be as a back-up candidate to Vice President Jejomar Binay, Senator Chiz Escudero (or the re-verse in a Poe-Escudero tandem); or be the standard bearer of the Liberal Party with Interior and Local Govern-ment Secretary Mar Roxas as VP – giving way a second time to a winning candidate – is still in the air.

    She could also run as an independent given the fact that donors and patrons are likely to beat the path to her door.

    Candidates for Philippine President and Vice President must meet the following qualifications:

    1. Be a natural born citizen of the Philippines
    2. Be a registered voter
    3. Be able to read and write
    4. Be at least 40 years of age on the day of election
    5. Be a resident of the Philippines for at least 10 years immediately preceding the election.

    Of the five qualifications, being a natural-born Filipino has emerged as the issue that Senator Poe seeks to put to rest as she easily meets the other four.

    Is Senator Grace Poe a US citizen? Is she a Filipino citizen? Or both?

    Senator Poe has been reported to have renounced her US citizenship after reacquiring her Filipino citizenship. So yes, she does not deny having acquired US citizenship.

    Obtaining US Citizenship
    Section 1 of the 14th Amendment to U.S. Constitution states that “(a)ll persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they re-side. “

    A child adopted by a US citizen parent may obtain US citizenship if the adoption was finalized before the child’s 16th birthday, the adoptive parent had legal custody of the child and resided with the child for at least two years, or if the child was admitted into the US as an orphan or Convention adoptee to be adopted by a US citizen parent and the adoption was completed before the child’s 18th birthday.

    Dual Citizenship. Section 1 of the dual citizenship law – Republic Act 9225 allows a former natural born Filipino citi-zen to retain and/or reacquire Philippine citizenship. The rules shall apply to former natural-born citizens of the Philippines, as defined by Philippine law and jurisprudence, who have lost their Philippine citizenship by reason of their naturalization as citizens of a foreign country.

    Section 9 of R.A. 9225 requires the applicant seeking to retain or reacquire Filipino citizenship to execute and sub-mit an Oath of Allegiance to the Republic of the Philippines “to support and defend the Constitution of the Repub-lic of the Philippines…accept the supreme authority of the Philippines and maintain true faith and allegiance there-to…”

    Renunciation or abandonment of the foreign citizenship, e.g., US citizenship is not a requirement since the law was created precisely to encourage and recognize dual citizenship.

    Dual citizens may acquire and own property, establish a business, generate employment and taxes, stay in the Philippines for as long as he or she wants enjoying the full rights and benefits of a Filipino citizen except to vote or run for elective positions – unless the dual citizen has formally renounced his or her U.S. citizenship.

    So another yes: Senator Grace has admitted to have reacquired Filipino citizenship. Did she lose her US citizenship?

    Loss of U.S. Citizenship requires a written renunciation before a U.S. Consular Officer in a prescribed form stipulat-ed under Section 349(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act and Section 50.50 of Title 22 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).

    In renouncing US citizenship one is irrevocably giving up all rights and privileges attendant to being a US citizen.

    Under Section 22.1 Title 22 (CFR) an administrative processing fee is collected after the individual has decided to proceed with the renunciation.

    The officer conducting the renunciation must ask the renunciant to read Form DS 4081, Statement of Understand-ing Concerning the Consequences and Ramifications of Relinquishment or Renunciation of US Citizenship. The re-nunciant must indicate full understanding of signing the form.

    Failure to sign the Form DS 4081 will prevent the renunciation or relinquishment from being approved, as the fail-ure to sign may be considered indicative of a lack of knowing intent to relinquish the United States citizenship (7 Foreign Affairs Manual 1262.4)

    The person renouncing US citizenship must also read and sign another form – DS 4081, Oath/Affirmation of Renun-ciation of the Nationality of the United States.

    Senator Grace Poe is a citizen.

    Detractors need to present proof of what country.


    Please follow our commenting guidelines.


    1. Once again, there is a none slim margin that Senator Poe can be the standard bearer
      of the liberal Partty. Being a declared principled ally, is a concern for those who plundered this nation big time that Senator Poe will run after them if elected as President. And if ever Senator Poe will run as opposition candidate we can be definite
      the question of citizenship will become a big issue for the liberals to open. But unfortunately right now the good Senator has fallen trap to the tongue of the President who seem to have given her some false hope of becoming the liberal’s standard bearer for President in 2016.

    2. Roldan Guerrero on

      Whatever is the case whether Grace Poe is an American or Filipino citizen or both, she does nt qualify for the highest position of the Philippines. It must not be forgotten that she came from nowhere,her work experiences unknown and so with her Poe and educational background. I have known her as adopted daugter of Susan /Fernando Poe and rode on the popularity of the late FPJ to get a slot and won in the senatorial race. Jut to avoid so much doubts in the HOKUS-PCOS Election Rigging, she was placed no.1 surpassing Loren Legarda, who was actually the no.1 and that made it all her rise to her present position. Maybe she is right in saying that honesty is important for a presidentiable. However, experience and enough intellectual ability are also imperative which she does not have at all. If Filipinos will not be very careful in electing the next president, another STUPID President may succeed the most STUPID PRESIDENT the Philippines ever had.

    3. eclesiastes on

      This is quite a revealing information from this columnist and if the would be political opponents would take note of this, then they have now a weapon to question the candidacy of grace poe to the presidency. As information from the press had revealed, poe admitted that she holds a US passport which means that she has acquired US citizenship. If indeed she has renounced her US citizenship, then she must present documentary proof to that effect……

    4. ariel gonzales on

      Citizen Poe lack the 10 yr residency. If she renounced her US citizenship in 2010 when she was chair of MTRCB, she will fulfill her residency requirement in 2020. Unlike when she ran for the senate which only needs 2 yrs residency

    5. Hindi ang pagka US citizen,ang pinakamahalaga! Ang tanong, gaano siya ka loyal kay Aquino?
      Dahil hindi siya magiging mabuti at pantay kapag tatanaw siya ng utang na loob kay Aquino! Iyon ay pinatutunayan na niya ng sabihin niyang humihingi siya ng guidance sa kanyang panginoong si Aquino!


      The country cannot afford electing another corrupt official. So, Filipinos wake up if
      you want your country to progress and to be respected internationally. Honesty
      should not be compromise to experience or executive ability as others are saying.
      You may have all the executive abilities but to be honest is of different thing. With all
      the unexplained wealth that were acquired while in office, that up to now these allegations remained unexplained, these candidates who professed to have executive
      ability but not honesty deserve to be get rid off. If truly they are honest and have nothing to hide, then it would be just easy for them to prove that these allegations against them are nothing. But this Binay? With all the allegations against him that he
      refuses to explain? With the BINAY DYNASTY that he is presently taking advantage of. THEN THERE IS NOTHING MORE TO PROVE. CLEARLY THE EVIDENCE ARE THERE TO PROVE THAT HE DID TOOK ADVANTAGE OF THIS OFFICE. Jejomar the vice president, Nancy, the senator, Abigail the congresswoman and Jun Jun the
      Mayor. What is there to prove? This Binay, if he wins the presidency, the country
      will certainly become a family’s business. Filipinos think about it.