SYDNEY: A controversial India-backed giant coal project near Australia’s Great Barrier Reef was Sunday awarded mining leases, but developer Adani said it would not commit to a final investment decision until legal challenges against it were resolved.
The Queensland state government said the Aus$21.7 billion (US$16.7 billion) project to build one of the world’s biggest mines was awarded three leases.
“This is a major step forward for this project after extensive government and community scrutiny,” Queensland Premier Annastascia Palaszczuk said in a statement.
“Stringent conditions will continue to protect the environment, landholders’ and traditional owners’ interests, and our iconic Great Barrier Reef.”
The state government added that the mining leases at Carmichael in the Galilee Basin were estimated to contain 11 billion tons of coal.
Adani welcomed the announcement, saying the leases gave the Indian conglomerate certainty and the firm had the “clear aim of commencing construction in calendar year 2017” pending the finalization of some second-tier approvals.
But the company slammed legal challenges by conservationists, which along with the need for state and federal consent, has seen the approvals process stretched to some six years.
“(The) conclusion of second tier approvals and resolution of politically-motivated legal challenges is the company’s principal focus, prior to a final investment decision being made,” an Adani spokesman said in a statement.
“Having previously sought to progress to the construction phase in 2015, Adani is keenly aware of the risks of proceeding on major works in advance of the conclusion of these matters.”
The awarding of the leases came two months after state authorities gave the project environmental approval subject to some 140 conditions.
Conservationists have argued the mega-mine would threaten the heritage-listed Great Barrier Reef, the world’s biggest coral reef ecosystem.
Adani faces two legal challenges – one from an indigenous group and another mounted by an environmental organization.
The organization, the Australian Conservation Foundation, slammed the decision and said its case in the Federal Court would be heard next month.
“By granting a license for this massive coal mine the Palaszczuk government is bowing to the demands of big polluters, not listening to the needs of the people,” the foundation’s chief executive Kelly O’Shanassy said in a statement.
Researchers say the reef is currently experiencing the worst bleaching on record in its pristine north, with few corals escaping damage.
The biodiverse site is also threatened by climate change, which conservationists said causes the bleaching, as well as farming run-off, development and the coral-eating crown-of-thorns starfish.
A research paper published Saturday warned authorities’ efforts to reduce the discharge of land-based pollutants into the reef were “unlikely to be sufficient to protect the GBR ecosystems from declining water quality within the aspired time frames”.
Canberra in March last year unveiled the “Reef 2050” plan to save the major tourist attraction ahead of a United Nations decision in July that kept the reef off its endangered list.
The government was required to report back to the UN on its progress in implementing the plan by December 1 this year.
But the new paper’s co-author, principal research scientist Frederieke Kroon of the government’s Australian Institute of Marine Science, said water quality targets might be missed.