BOGOTA: Billions of dollars in gold and silver from an 18th century shipwreck have left Spain and former colony Colombia at odds over who rightfully owns the loot.
The disagreement is over the “San Jose,” a treasure shipwreck that Colombia located recently off the coast of Cartagena de Indias, its old Caribbean port city.
The “San Jose” sank in June 1708 near the Islas del Rosario, during combat with British ships attempting to take its cargo, as part of the War of Spanish Succession.
The Spanish galleon was the main ship in a treasure fleet carrying gold and silver — likely extracted from Spanish colonial mines in Peru and Bolivia — and other valuables to King Philip V.
President Juan Manuel Santos announced in early December that experts had found the “San Jose” on November 27 in a place never searched before.
So who owns the estimated $2 billion in loot?
“There are discrepancies on the issue of legal ownership,” said Spain’s Foreign Minister Jose Manuel Garcia-Margallo.
He met Saturday with his Colombian counterpart María Angel Holguin in Cartagena.
Spain in part has based its arguments on UN Law of the Sea rules. But Colombia is not a signatory to the treaty, and as such not subject to those regulations.
The Spanish diplomat said that he was hoping a “roadmap for an understanding” could be hammered out given the countries’ excellent relations.
“This is not going to become an issue that divides us,” Holguin stressed, while acknowledging legal disagreements remained.
Treasure hunters had searched for the ship, described by some as the holy grail of wrecks, for decades.
A team of Colombian and foreign researchers, studied winds and currents of the Caribbean 307 years ago and delved into colonial archives in Spain and Colombia searching for clues.