UNITED NATIONS, United Nations: The World Health Organization (WHO) on Tuesday (Wednesday in Manila) appealed to donors to provide $1 billion for life-saving health needs ranging from childhood vaccinations to surgical care for the severely wounded for some 25 million people caught up in conflict across the Central African Republic, Iraq, South Sudan and Syria.
The United Nations health agency made that call on behalf the entire Health Cluster of humanitarian organizations it coordinates, at a special session on Tuesday at its Geneva headquarters attended by more than 50 donor countries and other member states.
“This unprecedented number of humanitarian emergencies, combined with the Ebola outbreak response in West Africa, have demonstrated WHO’s ability to respond to major health emergencies,” Dr. Bruce Aylward, special representative of the director-general for Ebola Response and Assistant Director-General for Emergencies said.
“But the huge stresses they pose also underscore the great needs—and funding gaps—that WHO, and our health partners, from NGOs [non-government organizations] to sister United Nations agencies, face,” Aylward added.
All four countries for which the appeal was made are classified as so-called “Grade 3” category crises, which require the highest-level of response that the UN can deliver.
In each of the countries—the Central African Republic (CAR), Iraq, South Sudan and Syria—WHO reported that the needs range from basic health care such as childhood vaccinations to surgical care for severely wounded patients caught up in the conflicts.
“In Iraq and CAR, for example, around one-quarter of hospitals, clinics and other health facilities have been damaged in their respective conflicts, or are not functioning,” according to WHO. “The sheer scale of humanitarian needs in 2014, coupled with insufficient funding levels, has stretched the capacity of the entire humanitarian system, including WHO, to the limit,” it added.
Overall, the Health Cluster group of humanitarian organizations needs $1 billion—$322.7 million by WHO and $687 million for its partner agencies —to deliver health services to 25 million people in the major crises, the majority women and children, as follows: Central African Republic for 1.4 million people in need of humanitarian health support, with $48 million needed by the health sector; Iraq for four 4 million people needing humanitarian health support, and $218.7 million needed by the health sector; South Sudan for 3.3 million people needing humanitarian health support and $90 million required by the health sector; and Syria for 16.4 million people needing humanitarian health support and $687 million required by the health sector in Syria and neighboring countries.
WHO and its partners have provided care to millions of people across each country ranging from routine immunization programs against measles, polio and other vaccine-preventable diseases, delivering medical and health services ranging from surgical care, treating non-communicable diseases like cancers, diabetes, heart and lung diseases, and providing primary health care support to remote and besieged communities.