A plan by President-elect Rodrigo Duterte to restore the death penalty faces strong opposition, including from the dominant Roman Catholic Church, officials and analysts said on Tuesday.
The tough-talking politician on Monday vowed to introduce executions by hanging after he takes office on June 30 as part of a ruthless law-and-order crackdown that would also include ordering military snipers to kill suspected criminals.
After putting to death seven convicted criminals by lethal injection in 1999-2000, the Philippines abolished the death penalty in 2006 because of stiff opposition from the Catholic Church, the religion of 80 percent of Filipinos.
“As people of faith, we do not adhere to capital punishment because we do not have the right to judge who should live and who should die,” said Fr. Lito Jopson, head of the Catholic bishops’ communications office.
Duterte’s landslide May 9 election victory does not sway the bishops’ stance, Jopson added.
“It is not based on popularity… but rather on complete moral principles of the Catholic faith and faith demands we respect all persons’ human dignity,” he said.
Duterte said he would ask Congress to reintroduce capital punishment for drug trafficking, rape, murder, robbery and kidnapping-for-ransom, among other offenses.
While many members of Congress have joined Duterte’s ruling coalition, passing such a law is by no means assured, political science professor Javad Heydarian of Manila’s De La Salle University said.
“Duterte at this point has tremendous political capital and crime-busting is the centerpiece of his campaign,” Heydarian noted.
“But he will face major pushback by human rights groups, the Catholic Church and likely… the outgoing President [Benigno Aquino 3rd], who once described his successor as a dictator in the making,” the professor said.
The plan itself is opposed by the Commission on Human Rights, an independent government body that Duterte cannot abolish and whose current officials he cannot replace.
It reviews proposed legislation affecting civil liberties.
“We will do our best to lobby against the reimposition of the death penalty,” said Banuar Falcon, chief of the commission’s international division.
Rep. Leni Robredo, who is leading the nearly completed electoral count for Vice President, said also on Tuesday that she opposes capital punishment.
And the local office of human rights monitor Amnesty International said it would call on other rights groups to lobby Congress and educate the public against bringing back capital punishment.
Malacanañg also on Tuesday also reminded Duterte that rule of law should still prevail in prosecuting criminals.
“The President as Chief Executive is duty-bound to enforce the laws of the land, fairly and justly,” Presidential Communications Secretary Herminio Coloma said in a news conference.
“As a body created by the Constitution, the Commission on Human Rights is well within its duties to espouse adherence to the rule of law and respect for human rights as it makes commentaries on these pronouncements,” he added.