Parents are constantly struggling with limits on their children’s tablets, mobile phones, computers, and TV usage, knowing that there has to be a balance with technology, entertainment and education.
As parents, all of us have fought the battle with our kids as they are absorbed into a video game or movie on an iPad, tablet or smartphone.
Technology is everywhere and its draw on kids is obvious. Moreover, it is becoming more social, adaptive, and customized, and as a result, it can be a fantastic teaching tool.
In fact, today, software is connecting kids to online learning communities, tracking kids’ progress through lessons and games, and customizing each students’ experience.
By the time your child is in elementary school, they will probably be well-versed in technology.
But is technology really helping our kids learn? That stated, as parents, don’t we need to establish boundaries?
Learning with technology at school
Schools are investing more and more in technology. Whether your child’s class uses an interactive Smartboard, laptops, or another device, here are three ways to make sure that technology is used effectively.
Let’s start at the beginning: what is technology in early childhood?
Teachers have always used technology. The difference is that now teachers are using really powerful tools like iPads and iPhones in their personal and professional lives.
Technology is just a tool. It shouldn’t be used in classrooms or child care centers because it’s cool, but because teachers can do activities that support the healthy development of children.
Teachers are using digital cameras—a less flashy technology than iPads—in really creative ways to engage children in learning. That may be all they need.
At the same time, teachers need to be able to integrate technology into the classroom or child care center as a social justice matter.
We can’t assume that all children have technology at home.
A lack of exposure could widen the digital divide — that is, the gap between those with and without access to digital technology — and limit some children’s school readiness and early success.
Just as all children need to learn how to handle a book in early literacy, they need to be taught how to use technology, including how to open it, how it works, and how to take care of it.
Experts worry that technology is bad for children. There are serious concerns about children spending too much time in front of screens, especially given the many screens in children’s lives.
Today, very young children are sitting in front of TVs, playing on iPads and iPhones, and watching their parents take photos on a digital camera, which has its own screen.
There used to be only the TV screen. That was the screen we worried about and researched for 30 years.
We as a field know a whole lot about the impact of TV on children’s behavior and learning, but we know very little about all the new digital devices.
The American Academy of Pediatrics discourages screen time for children under two years old, but the NAEYC/Fred Rogers position statement takes a slightly different stance.
It says that technology and media should be limited, but what matters most is how it is used.
What is the content? Is it being used in an intentional manner? Is it developmentally appropriate?
As parents, we need to be aware of the drawbacks of technology and its impact on eyesight, vocabulary and physical development. We also need to be cognizant of our kids overall development,
My advice to teachers and parents is to trust your instincts. You know your child and if you think they have been watching the screen too long, turn it off.
It’s up to us, as parents, to notice that your child’s computer time is reducing or limiting interactions and playtime with other kids and nudge them in new directions. To encourage them to be physically active, to get outside and play.
It’s also up to the adult to understand the child’s personality and disposition and to figure out if a technology is one of the ways the child chooses to interact with the world.
But you have to cut yourself some slack.
We all know that there are better things to do with children’s time than to plop them in front of a TV, but we also know that child care providers have to make lunch, and parents need time to take a shower.
In situations like that, it is the adult’s job to make the technology time more valuable and interactive by asking questions and connecting a child’s virtual experience on the screen with real-life experiences in her world.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Jessica Miller is the Content Writer for Play2Health, play2health.com, where she develops content that assists families in raising well-balanced kids who excel.