COMMENTARY

Duterte, social justice and the Church

12

In 2002, Time magazine published an article calling Rodrigo Duterte “The Punisher.” (1). He gained popularity with the people of Davao, a huge city in Mindanao at the time beleaguered by two groups of insurgents, diehard communists and Muslim radicals, due to his “zero tolerance” for criminality and corruption. He was very successful in cleaning up the city, making Davao one of the world’s safest places. (2).

His notoriety did not sit well with some in the Church, their flock, and the national citizenry still reeling after almost fifteen years from the unforgettable atrocities under Martial Law. Beneath the surface of the nation’s collective consciousness, however, the people admired Mayor Duterte for his ability to get things done, his decisive leadership, his pragmatic desire to establish the rule of law, and to obliterate the deeper roots of social injustice. While critics attacked him vehemently, they silently cheered his efforts on multiple fronts against drug (and human) trafficking, public corruption, lack of peace and order, poor traffic management, inefficient bureaucracy, decrepit transportation and communication infrastructures, and the collapse of key public services.

Ever since becoming the Mayor of Davao, the largest city in the Philippines (in terms of land area), Duterte took his being a public servant seriously. Just a few days ago, he was elected the 16th President of the Philippines.

President Duterte will be one of the best Presidents we will ever have, and the reason is his strong sense of “social justice.” His methods are pragmatic and full of commonsense.


According to the great German writer and statesman, Johann Wolfgang Goethe: “Things that matter most must never be at the mercy of things that matter least.” (3). His ways are unorthodox, making the implementation of plans efficient, quick. He doesn’t care much about what others think and say, about him and what he’s doing, because for him, these are things that matter least. For Duterte, getting things done, quickly, is more important than protecting his image and self-interests. This doesn’t mean, however, that he doesn’t listen. Perhaps, what makes him a good leader is that he surrounds himself with very smart people who share his deep concern for social justice.

Of course, having a strong sense of social justice does not exempt the person from the frailties of human nature that we all struggle against. We all have our own demons lurking in the inner recesses of our hearts, mind and soul. President Duterte displayed, and continues to display these weaknesses with reckless abandon, adding to his image as a truly sincere public servant. There are no hidden secrets that need digging. What you see is what you get. He is what he is, someone who strongly respects who we are.

Having been accepted by his people, he is an advocate of unity by inclusion, which for our fledgling country will be a huge leap in leading us to become, hopefully sooner than later, a true nation.

Having a strong sense of social justice also means ensuring that our justice system is fair to all and the guilty ones are convicted under the rule of law. The legal framework he uses in sanctioning the use of force when social justice is threatened is always present. The fact that there has been no clear evidence of most allegations against him clearly demonstrates his ability to operate within the confines of the law.

A strong sense of justice will help President-elect Duterte to focus on the basic needs of our country: education, health care, religious freedom, economic freedom, peace and order, improving the bureaucracy and leveling the playing field, opening business opportunities to everyone, massive poverty.

He is driven with the passion of a folk hero, and clearly expresses this passion in his choice of words and tone of voice. Duterte is the father our country needs and, until now, we’ve never had, the heavy hand linked to a big heart, the hammer of iron wrapped in velvet, the
“Punisher” who is after those against social justice and the common good.

Finally, his strong sense of social justice clearly aligns Duterte’s way with the teachings of the Church. While he creates the impression of going against Christian teaching, in reality he enforces social justice better than any political servant I’ve ever known in my life.

As the Roman Catholic Church teaches: “Society ensures social justice when it provides the conditions that allow associations or individuals to obtain what is their due, according to their nature and their vocation. Social justice is linked to the common good and the exercise of authority.” (4). Duterte is a champion of social justice, and he does this by punishing relentlessly those who abuse the limits of his mercy.

Duterte values social charity, caring for the people, truly loving them. He has full respect for diversity in religion, beliefs, mores, culture and folkways, as long as these practices are within the rule of law. As St. John Paul II emphasized, the “principle of solidarity, also articulated in terms of ‘friendship’ or ‘social charity,’ is a direct demand of human and Christian brotherhood.” (5).

Earlier, Pope Pius XII wrote: “For two thousand years, this sentiment has lived and endured in the soul of the Church, impelling souls then and now to the heroic charity of monastic farmers, liberators of slaves, healers of the sick, and messengers of faith, civilization, and science to all generations and all peoples for the sake of creating the social conditions capable of offering to everyone possible a life worthy of man and of a Christian.” (6).

The Catechism of the Catholic Church, Article 3, on Social Justice, Nos. 1943-48, also articulates that, “Society ensures social justice by providing the conditions that allow associations and individuals to obtain their due. Respect for the human person considers the other (as) “another self.” It presupposes respect for the fundamental rights that flow from the dignity intrinsic of the person. The equality of men concerns their dignity as persons and the rights that flow from it. The differences among persons belong to God … who wills that we should need one another. These differences should encourage charity…”
“…The equal dignity of human persons requires the effort to reduce excessive social and economic inequalities. It gives urgency to the elimination of sinful inequalities. Solidarity is an eminently Christian virtue. It practices the sharing of spiritual goods even more than material ones.” The excessive social inequalities being protected by the elite erodes our nation’s solidarity and makes the rich all the more selfish and materialistic.

Furthermore, the sense duty of making oneself a neighbor to others and actively serving them becomes even more urgent when it involves the disadvantaged, in whatever area this may be. “As you did it to one of the least of these my brethren, you did it to me.” (7).
Duterte has a soft spot for the marginalized people, those who have nothing, those who need help that only good governance can provide, those who have been neglected all these years by the people in power, who say good things but end up doing bad (even worse) things.

They are the ones who, with the disgruntled middle classes who have been excessively taxed, whose incomes and businesses have been pillaged and sacked by an indifferent and insensitive government, put Duterte in power.

The analysis of Duterte’s phenomenal success shows that such was not only the result of his astute principles of leadership, but rather from his deep, fundamental knowledge and practice of social justice, in accordance with Church teachings. After all, he has among his advisers highly-principled men (and, I guess, women too) who keep him grounded, staying on the right path, because like most great leaders, Duterte knows how to listen.
And just recently, Pope Francis delivered a fiery sermon, on Nov. 11, 2013, against corruption, quoting a passage from the Bible in which Jesus said some sinners deserve to be tied to a rock and thrown into the sea. (8).

On May 9, Rodrigo Duterte was elected the 16th President of the Republic of the Philippines. I am confident his strong sense of social justice aligned with the teachings of the Church will transform and strengthen our nation’s solidarity.

(These are the numbered citations in the article. (1). Phil Zabriskie (19 July 2002). “The Punisher”. TIME.com. (2). “The Punisher: ‘I am 100 per cent terrorist’”. NewsComAu. 30 June 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2016. 3. http://www.goodreads.com/quotes/2326-things-which-matter-most-must-never-be-at-the-mercy. (4). http://www.vatican.va/archive/ccc_css/archive/catechism/p3s1c2a3.htm (5). Cf. John Paul II, SRS 38-40; CA 10. (6). 48 Pius XII, Discourse, June 1, 1941 (7). 38 Mt 25:40. (8). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/italy/10441960/Pope-Francis-corrupt-should-be-tied-to-a-rock-and-thrown-into-the-sea.html).

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12 Comments

  1. Carlo de Leon on

    Dear Julie,

    I agree that writings like this needs to be read by all who seriously want to serve the common good, however, it is difficult for most people to understand the true meaning of the common good. Perhaps simplifying the concept will have a more moral and lasting effect.

    The Catechism of the Catholic Church, Article 2, on Participation in Social Life, Nos. 1907-1909 clearly states:

    “First, the common good presupposes respect for the person as such. In the name of the common good, public authorities are bound to respect the fundamental and inalienable rights of the human person. Society should permit each of its members to fulfill his vocation. In particular, the common good resides in the conditions for the exercise of the natural freedoms indispensable for the development of the human vocation, such as “the right to act according to a sound norm of conscience and to safeguard . . . privacy, and rightful freedom also in matters of religion.”

    “Second, the common good requires the social well-being and development of the group itself. Development is the epitome of all social duties. Certainly, it is the proper function of authority to arbitrate, in the name of the common good, between various particular interests; but it should make accessible to each what is needed to lead a truly human life: food, clothing, health, work, education and culture, suitable information, the right to establish a family, and so on.”

    “Finally, the common good requires PEACE, that is, the STABILITY and SECURITY of a JUST ORDER. It presupposes that authority should ensure by morally acceptable means the security of society and its members. It is the basis of the right to legitimate personal and collective defense”.

    Hope this helps.

    Glad you liked my article. Thank you.

    Carlo

  2. Meng Salita on

    I couldn’t contain my excitement toward the Duterte Administration. For someone who is sick and tired of the elitist-run government, I put all my hopes to the incoming president–todo na pati pato. I pray that he wouldn’t fail the Filipino people and his detractors be proven wrong.

    Congrats, CFL, very well said.

    • Carlo de Leon on

      Thank you Meng, I also hope and pray that our new President will succeed in delivering his promises. It’s about time we give the leadership of our nation to a person not indebted to the ruling elite.

      Warmest regards,

      Carlo

  3. “Having a strong sense of social justice also means ensuring that our justice system is fair to all and the guilty ones are convicted under the rule of law”

    Curiously you fail to critique the fact that he is proud to be part of, if not have participated in, the Davao Death Squads, an affront to the social and MORAL teachings of the Church. Add to this his neglect of placing NPA rebels violating the law. Your article is extremely biased and I take issue at the fact that you try to equate Duterte’s sense of justice to that of the Church!

  4. This makes me teary eyed. I cry for my country and its people. And now God sends us hope in the person of President-Elect Rodrigo Duterte. Despite all that has been said about him, I have always believed in him. Deep inside me, I know he cares about the Philippines and the Filipinos. May God protect him and guide him as he confronts the huge tasks before him of making the Philippines a peaceful and prosperous place for all Filipinos. Hail to the new Chief. Thank you for listening to the divine mandate for you to be a candidate for the highest position of the land. Now you have been overwhelmingly voted into the office by the people who love and believe in you.

    • Carlo de Leon on

      Dear Beth,

      Thank you for your reactions and comments. Sometimes it is better to listen to that inner voice in our hearts. True feelings are never wrong they are just misunderstood. Please continue praying for our new President, he has a huge task to perform in the next 6 years.

      Carlo

    • Carlo de Leon on

      Dear Grace,

      I’m glad you like that line, “the heavy hand linked to a big heart”. Had to add a little bit of poetry to simplify the essence of what I mean.

      Thank you.

      Carlo

  5. Very nice article. However, perhaps the current President of the Philippines has seen more similarities between Duturte and Adolf Hitler than the writer of this article. Perhaps the writer is not aware of the huge support “the church” had for Hitler as well….at the beginning of Hitler’s reign. The bible says that “history repeats itself” and i pray that this reign of Duterte will be different than many other leaders who started out well….but allowed the sin of pride to lead them and their country to ruin.

  6. NELSON R. MALCO on

    After the election especially the proclamation of our new President, our nation will be change everything, STOP all individual involving practices against the law. Strong leadership will make our nation change, and our new president having that kind of leadership. he can command all individual to STOP their practices against the law.

  7. Great thanks Carlo. Very deep and insightful..this should be read by all who seriously are interested to serve the common good; those with big hearts to unselfishly offer themselves in small or bigger ways…Must read for Christians and all.

    • Carlo de Leon on

      Dear Julie,

      I agree that writings like this needs to be read by all who seriously want to serve the common good, however, it is difficult for most people to understand the true meaning of the common good. Perhaps simplifying the concept will have a more moral and lasting effect.

      The Catechism of the Catholic Church, Article 2, on Participation in Social Life, Nos. 1907-1909 clearly states:

      “First, the common good presupposes respect for the person as such. In the name of the common good, public authorities are bound to respect the fundamental and inalienable rights of the human person. Society should permit each of its members to fulfill his vocation. In particular, the common good resides in the conditions for the exercise of the natural freedoms indispensable for the development of the human vocation, such as “the right to act according to a sound norm of conscience and to safeguard . . . privacy, and rightful freedom also in matters of religion.”

      “Second, the common good requires the social well-being and development of the group itself. Development is the epitome of all social duties. Certainly, it is the proper function of authority to arbitrate, in the name of the common good, between various particular interests; but it should make accessible to each what is needed to lead a truly human life: food, clothing, health, work, education and culture, suitable information, the right to establish a family, and so on.”

      “Finally, the common good requires PEACE, that is, the STABILITY and SECURITY of a JUST ORDER. It presupposes that authority should ensure by morally acceptable means the security of society and its members. It is the basis of the right to legitimate personal and collective defense”.

      Hope this helps.

      Glad you liked my article. Thank you.

      Carlo