‘EDCA heightens terror threat’

EDCA FOES Student activists shout slogans during a rally held in front of the US Embassy in Manila to denounce the defense agreement whose constitutionality was upheld by the Supreme Court. PHOTO BY RUSSEL PALMA

EDCA FOES Student activists shout slogans during a rally held in front of the US Embassy in Manila to denounce the defense agreement whose constitutionality was upheld by the Supreme Court. PHOTO BY RUSSEL PALMA

SUPREME Court (SC) justices voted on the constitutionality of the Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement (EDCA) signed by the Philippines and United States oblivious of the geopolitical consequences of the accord that may include heightened terrorist threat in the country, an analyst said on Wednesday.

Professor Bobby Tuazon, director for policy studies of the Center for People Empowerment in Governance (CenPEG), noted that US facilities are a magnet for terror attacks.

For years, he said, extremist groups have targeted American facilities whether in the Middle East, Africa or elsewhere.

The High Tribunal’s decision upholding the legality of EDCA will allow the US to put up facilities in Philippine military headquarters, airfields, harbors and other territories, according to Tuazon.

Terrorist groups like the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria and al-Qaeda will have to embed themselves into the Philippines to attack these facilities since there are reportedly local extremists in the country who claim to be ISIS recruits or are sympathetic to this new terrorist organization.

“The SC justices forget that cases related to sovereign and territorial issues should be guided by the overarching constitutional principle of pursuing an independent foreign policy, prohibition against the presence of foreign forces and renouncing war as an instrument of foreign policy. On this basis, they will be accountable for the unfortunate implications of their ruling,” Tuazon said.

The SC on Tuesday voted 10-4 declaring EDCA as an executive agreement that does not require the ratification of the Senate.

Malacañang said the agreement signed in 2014 by Defense Secretary Voltaire Gazmin and US Ambassador to Manila Philip Goldberg will further “strengthen the strategic partnership” between the two countries.

It will also help the modernization program of the Philippine military as it allows US forces to access select Philippine military camps and bring in military materiel into the country.

Senator Miriam Defensor-Santiago, author of a resolution adopted by the Senate, insisted that EDCA is a prohibited agreement because it was made without the concurrence of the Senate.

She cited Article 7, Section 21 of the Constitution which reads, “No treaty or international agreement shall be valid and effective unless concurred in by at least two-thirds of all the members of the Senate.”

Santiago, along with 13 other senators, maintained that EDCA is not an executive agreement but a treaty that requires the Senate’s concurrence.

According to Tuazon, EDCA will greatly benefit the US government as it will allow large presence of US forces including warships, attack planes and military equipment in the region, thus giving them tactical advantage against China.

“US military build-up in the region will not help ease tensions in the West Philippine Sea (South China Sea) and may lead to miscalculations resulting in actual hostilities with China. This should be avoided. But what cannot be avoided is the possible increase in the militarization of the West Philippine Sea,” he explained.

“They [SC] ruled merely on legal technicalities. But court decisions should also be based on foresight and prudence particularly on the rulings’ implications,” Tuazon said.

Senator Ferdinand Macos Jr, one of those who signed Santiago’s resolution, said he disagreed with the ruling of the SC and maintained that the agreement is a treaty that should be ratified by the Senate.

“That is our procedure, that is the way we in the Senate handle international treaties,” Marcos said, clarifying he is not against EDCA.

Talks to continue
With the SC ruling, talks between the US and the Philippines on the installation of a facility in the country may now be completed, Col. Restituto Padilla, Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) spokesman, said also on Wednesday.

Padilla, however, also clarified that what will be put up is a facility for humanitarian assistance and disaster response.

“Regarding facilities where we can allow them, there have been previous discussions, we have discussed the possible locations but these talks were not final. We will resume discussions especially now that we have the go- signal that EDCA is constitutional,” he said.

According to him, the talks were scuttled when several groups challenged the legality of the defense pact at the High Court.

Among the military camps considered for the facility are the AFP General Headquarters in Camp Aguinaldo, Quezon City, Fort Magsaysay in Nueva Ecija and some camps in Central Visayas, Mactan Air Base and Camp Lapu Lapu in Cebu and Camp Peralta in Jamindan in Capiz.

These camps, Padilla said, are being considered as jumping boards for disaster response.
US authorities will be allowed to store and keep items related to disaster relief operations, he added.

These items include power generators, lightings, water purifiers and mobility equipment like trucks, heavy lifters and forklifts among others.

“The storage of equipment right now is limited to [these]equipment, so no tanks, no war fighting equipment for the moment,” Padilla said.


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  1. al t. mindanao on

    No more truth in the philippines . pera lang ang tama sa pilipinas if tyou have money pipol will listen

  2. Marcos is the one who fought against colonial mentality of our Filipino people. Only marcos has the ball with minds and minds with balls. Yellow noytard people always repeating their accusations to marcoses family without proof and evidence. Do you have a proof that Marcos has stolen your wealth and properties. dont you know marcos before he join at the Philippine politics he is richest man among the politicians.?? do you know that noytard>> You have not proven that marcos violates human rights and steal money from the government. Now who is the most corrupt and thieves of this nation. President abnoy and his allies, Kasama pati mga KKK na nagpapahirap sa mamayan filipino.. Salot sa bayang Pilipinas ang noytard yellow ..

  3. Here is my two cents to enlighten few of these morons so they will have an idea why EDCA was upheld Constitutional by the majority of the Justices at the Supreme Court: EDCA is not a new treaty and it doesn’t have to be ratified by the Senate. It is an addendum to the existing treaty which is already in place, the VFA. Just look at the word “ENHANCED” and you can probably guess as IMPROVED or UPGRADED and it must have been derived from an existing agreement.

    It is also true that U.S. Facilities all over the world such as military bases, embassies, consular offices, telecommunication sites and more, can be seen as a terrorist targets because they are against the US policies and objectives. This has been going on for years and the US is aware of it, and they normally employ some type of mitigation process.

    Lastly, few of these places will be used for humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operation centers. Philippine Sovereignty is not threatened in any way, shape, or form. Why fight these good things?

  4. Concerned-Citizen on

    The Supreme Court Justices doesn’t know the Constitution, instead they betrayed their oath of undertakings. They made an oath before Almighty Creator to uphold justice and uprightness all written in our Constitution. Instead, making allegiance with our Almighty Creator for protection, they swerved their allegiance to a powerful nation the USA who guise as world police, yet their friendship (USA) is lopsided and can’t be trusted. It is a proven fact. Our fathers fought with them side-by-side during WWII, yet what do they get from USA, only grief when applying for pension & hospitalization and other due benefits. Isn’t it this USA is the same nation who tried to sell us for $20 million to Germany? Check your history.

  5. Tuazon, Marcos and the Leftists should shut their big mouths. Tuazon does nothing except to contradict everything. Marcos’ illgotten wealth will soon be recovered and will be given to their tortured victims. The Leftists are obvious that the are Pro-China. The Leftists are totally blind when it comes to abuses of the Chinese in the Philippines towards their domestic helpers and majority of the drug lords are Chinese who are financing the Leftists.These three prefer the Chinese to bully and take away islands of the Philippines. They were so quiet and without any reaction when China took away from us two islands.