Despite the country having the second most expensive power in Asia following Japan, most Filipinos used electricity as their main source of energy for their household, according to a 2011 data by National Statistics Office (NSO).
In a statement on Friday, NSO Administrator Carmelita Ericta and Energy Secretary Carlos Jericho Petilla said that most of the Filipino families use electricity as their main source of home power for 2004 and 2011.
“About 87 percent of 21 million households used electricity from March to August 2011,” the two executives said, basing on the 2011 Household Energy Consumption Survey (HECS) by the NSO.
“The other sources used by a significant proportion of households include fuelwood, charcoal, LPG [liquefied petroleum gas]and kerosene with at least one-third of the total households using any of these types of fuel in 2011,” they added.
According to the 2011 HECS, electricity consumption by households accounted for 74 percent while kerosene for lighting purposes was 30 percent of the total households, which was less compared to the kerosene usage in 2004 at 43 percent.
The data also showed that fuelwood was “commonly used by more than half of households” of about 54 percent in 2011 and 55 percent in 2004 records. Following fuelwood was LPG usage at 41 percent in 2011, charcoal at 35 percent and biomass residues at 20 percent.
“In 2011, fuelwood was also most commonly used for heating water for bathing [20 percent of the total households]. About one in 10 of households used charcoal [11 percent] for heating water. Six percent used biomass residues for the same purpose,” the NSO said.
The statistical body also said that gasoline was the “most popular” fuel for household with vehicles, accounting to 88-percent share or “almost nine in 10 households.”
“On the other hand, diesel was used by nearly two in 10 households [16 percent in 2011 and 21 percent in 2004],” the NSO said.
In terms of lamps, compact fluorescent lamps (CFL) were widely used with “77-percent [share]of households using electricity for lighting. This type of lamp was most commonly used regardless of the income of the family.”
The NSO said that electricity usage was mostly on recreation such as TV viewing, watching and listening through DVD players, videokes, stereos and radios, among others, with 79-percent usage.
Some 66 percent of electricity usage, on the other hand, account for “space cooling” that included electric fans and air-conditioning units.
“The other uses of electricity were for ironing clothes [46 percent of total households], laundry [29 percent], cooking and food preparation [20 percent], computer activity [15 percent], water heating for bathing [4 percent] and water pumping [3 percent],” the NSO said.
Electricity usage may decline slightly as power entities earlier announced a P4.15 per kilowatt-hour increase on electricity usage, which was already manifested in December bills of households.