SKOPJE: EU enlargement commissioner Johannes Hahn brokered a deal between the Macedonian government and opposition early Wednesday to end a political crisis which had paralyzed the country for months.
“I can tell you we have an agreement, an agreement signed by the leaders of the big four parties and I am grateful,” Hahn said after 12 hours of negotiations in Skopje ended successfully in the small hours of Wednesday.
He hailed the agreement, which paves the way for early elections next year, as offering “a lot of hope to the country.”
The main Macedonian parties had agreed on June 2 to hold parliamentary elections before the end of April 2016, two years early, but the Skopje talks were necessary to hammer out
the details, including for an interim government and the rules of the balloting.
Macedonia’s last elections were held in April 2014, with the next one due to be held in April 2018.
However the country has been enduring a deep political crisis with the government and opposition exchanging serious allegations.
‘Crisis is resolved’
Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski explained that under the new deal, his government will be replaced 100 days ahead of the election by a transition team charged with organizing the vote
“The political crisis is resolved,” he declared.
Zoran Zaev’s main opposition Social Democratic Union of Macedonia (SDSM) which had till now refused to participate in parliamentary proceedings, will return to the national assembly from September, he added.
Zaev himself said “we have secured the resignation of Nikola Gruevski. He won’t organise the next elections.”
The opposition socialists have been boycotting parliament, claiming electoral fraud and refusing to recognize the results of last year’s polls.
The center-left opposition accuses Gruevski of wiretapping some 20,000 people, including politicians and journalists, as well as of corruption, a murder cover-up and other wrongdoings.
The conservative government, in return, has filed charges against Zaev, accusing him of “spying” and attempts to “destabilize” the country.
The crisis further deepened in May when police clashed with an ethnic Albanian armed group, whose members were mostly from Kosovo, in the northern town of Kumanovo. Eighteen people were killed in the clashes, including eight police officers.