All government officials and employees, whether of regular or temporary status, must file their Statement of Assets, Liabilities and Net Worth (SALN) on or before April 30.
This reminder was given on Wednesday by Ombudsman Conchita Carpio-Morales, who said filing a SALN is “a constitutional and statutory obligation of every public servant such that failure to do so warrants suspension of one to six months for the first offense, and dismissal from service for the second offense.”
Morales, a Supreme Court justice before she was appointed to lead the anti-graft office, cited Republic Act 6713 or the Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards of Public Officials and Employees, which provides that the statement must be submitted within 30 days after assumption of office; on or before April 30 of every year thereafter and; within 30 days after separation from the service.
A SALN is a declaration made under oath of assets (lands, houses, cash), liabilities (personal or institutional loans) and business and financial interests of a government official or employee, of his or her spouse and of his or her unmarried children under 18 years old who are living in their parents’ households.
It includes a waiver, which authorizes the Ombudsman to obtain documents that may show assets, liabilities, net worth, business interests and financial connections from all appropriate government agencies for investigatory purposes.
The country’s President, Vice President and Chairmen and Commissioners of Constitutional Commissions and Offices must submit their SALN to the Office of the Ombudsman Central Office.
Senators and representatives submit theirs to the Secretary of the Senate and Secretary of the House of Representatives, respectively.
Justices of the Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, Sandiganbayan and Court of Tax Appeals submit their SALN to the Office of the Clerk of Court and judges of trial courts and special courts, to the Office of the Court Administrator.
Meanwhile, the Office of the President receives the SALN of department secretaries, undersecretaries and foreign service officers, heads of government-owned and -controlled corporations (GOCCs) and subsidiaries, state universities and colleges (SUCs), officers of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) from the rank of colonel or naval captain, officers of the Philippine National Police (PNP) from the rank of senior superintendent and officers of the Philippine Coast Guard from the rank of commodore.
The Office of the Deputy Ombudsman receives SALN of offices it has territorial jurisdiction over, including regional officials and employees of the AFP, PNP, departments, bureaus and agencies of the National Government, judiciary, constitutional commissions and offices, GOCCs and subsidiaries, SUCs and local government units including elected officials.
Other government officials and employees including appointive ones submit their SALN to the Civil Service Commission.
Government officials and employees who serve in a honorary capacity, laborers and casual or temporary workers are exempt from filing the SALN.