First 100 days: Correcting Aquino’s mistakes


FIRST moves and first impressions count big. In a new administration, they lay groundwork for overarching goals and strategies. They also set the tone that tells the government and the nation at large how the new leadership really operates. Get the first 100 days wrong, and it could mess up the next six years.

So in drawing up initiatives for his first 100 days in office, incoming President Rodrigo Duterte would do well to learn from his predecessor’s opening moves—and how they led to big failings in the six years of the Aquino presidency.

Aquino’s original sins
President Benigno Aquino 3rd burdened his rule right from the start with several unforced errors right in his first few months:

• Aquino constantly defended and refused to sanction cronies, starting with shooting buddy Interior Undersecretary Rico Puno for the Aug. 2010 Luneta hostage crisis.

• Aquino openly flaunted the law and disdained judicial restraints, starting with his first Executive Order and leading to the illegal Disbursement Acceleration Program.

• Aquino let jueteng and smuggling flourish, fueling graft and lawlessness, by restraining gaming nemesis Secretary Jesse Robredo and Customs reformer Guillermo Parayno.

• Aquino refused to implement the June 2010 Disaster Risk Reduction Act’s mandate to create a billion-peso calamity response and preparedness agency.

• Aquino was averse to regular Cabinet meetings, leading to slow infrastructure implementation and chronic underspending.

Let’s look at these boondoggles one by one.

Double-standard Daang Matuwid
Aquino put politics above all, so even Daang Matuwid was skewed. Under his anti-graft policy, adversaries were excoriated, prosecuted and punished. But his classmates, allies, and shooting buddies (KKK by their Filipino initials) were spared investigations and sanctions.

Result: presidential associates could be caught in sensitive or even illegal situations without fear of presidential censure. Thus, gaming czar Cristino Naguiat, Jr. wasn’t even investigated for a Macau family junket illicitly funded by a casino magnate, and Liberal Party stalwarts even got Aquino bail money in their graft cases.

The double-standard Daang Matuwid extended to matters of law, which could be flouted for presidential ends. Aquino’s first EO was voided for targeting the previous administration. The Supreme Court suggested making the EO applicable to all past regimes, to comply with equal protection under the law.

Aquino dismissed the High Court’s advice, and that arrogant disdain for legal strictures marked his presidency. His legal excesses reached their height with the Disbursement Acceleration Program usurping Congress’s power of the purse. Yet despite the Supreme Court itself noting that DAP funds “were allocated to [programs and projects]not covered by any appropriations” in the budget, Aquino insisted he was right.

Unleashing the lawlessness scourge
If those first two failings did not directly harm many Filipinos, the next two did: Aquino’s willful abetting of jueteng and smuggling, and his refusal to create and fund a billion-peso calamity agency as provided by the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Law.

The flourishing of illicit gambling and contraband spurred the explosive growth of lawless groups and their cohorts in government and police. Thus, crime incidents tripled from 324,083 in 2010 to more than a million a year since 2013—spawning the nationwide fear of lawlessness, even among the affluent and educated, which propelled Duterte to his landslide victory.

Aquino himself triggered the jueteng and smuggling surge by shielding these illicit activities from two proven nemeses: then-Local Government Secretary Robredo, who wiped out the numbers game in Naga City; and former customs and revenue chief Guillermo Parayno, hired by the International Monetary Fund as customs reform consultant for his success at the ports.

Aquino took the Philippine National Police away from Robredo’s supervision and placed the PNP under Undersecretary Puno, named by Archbishop Oscar Cruz as “ultimate recipient” of jueteng payoffs. And after interviewing Parayno for Customs, Aquino gave it to others, then looked away as contraband trebled to $26.6 billion in 2014. Plus: 2,000 uninspected containers vanished in 2011, many probably with guns and drugs.

The do-nothing President
If letting jueteng and smuggling flourish inflicted crime and drugs on Filipinos, Aquino’s refusal to create a national disaster agency exacerbated calamity.

The NDRRM Act, crafted with input from leading disaster experts here and abroad, envisioned a billion-peso entity similar to America’s formidable Federal Emergency Management Agency.

Aquino never implemented this provision of the law, which would have greatly enhanced disaster preparedness, response and recovery at both national and local levels. Also unfunded was the billion-peso People’s Protection Fund, legislated under Aquino for projects safeguarding communities threatened by disasters triggered by climate change.

Also affected by Aquino’s so-called “Noynoying” style were infrastructure projects marked by long delays, even his pet public-private partnership initiatives. And these hold-ups began with Aquino’s lack of enthusiasm for Cabinet meetings.

With little presidential follow-up, public works spending halved for the first time in 2011. Even the vaunted PPP, which Aquino played up in his first State of the Nation Address in 2010, suffered interminable delays. Thus, for all our growth, the country remains an infrastructure laggard.

Five moves for Duterte’s first 100
So what should the next Malacañang man do to correct the incumbent’s failings?

First, draw up a code of conduct for presidential appointees, drawn from similar norms and standards set by Transparency International, the World Bank, and similar high-integrity entities. Then create a Presidential Transparency Commission with both Palace and non-government members, to monitor compliance with the code.

Second, convene the Judicial-Executive-Legislative Advisory Council, created during the Arroyo administration, to restore mutual respect among the co-equal branches of government and affirm the Duterte administration’s commitment to the rule of law.

Third, implement the NDRRM Act’s mandate for a billion-peso disaster agency and the People’s Protection Fund projects, with a supplemental budget for 2016, if necessary.

Fourth, revive the Palace body monitoring major projects during the Estrada and Arroyo administrations, with regular reports at frequent Cabinet meetings.

Fifth, include jueteng and smuggling in the war against lawlessness, for those illicit activities corrupt law enforcers and border authorities and fund crime groups.

Over to you, Mayor President.


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  1. We all glad that the time of elite favoring president is gone..For six years he fool the netizen by calling them as his boss.. since the oppression on netizen is rampant anywhere specially some embassy officials.. Now it is the time of reckoning and to correct the past mistake of the administration..I agree sometimes the new admin will face resistance from these lawless criminals and drug lord and death on both side cannot be avoided especially if they resist arrest endangering the life of the law enforcer.
    Neverthless netizen will understand becasue these who resist will be given an istant justice especially when the life of law enforcer is in danger in employing the Law.. Pushers and drug Lord are not many but what they destroy is million of innocent people so which is more import the life of few or rather life of millions which drug lord is destroying..
    The people are fed up and fear there life whether you are inside your house youre not sure that you are safe any time thieves or drug addict will blow up your door house and get in.
    Thank you to the presumptive president Elect Duterte i hope out of your 6years in office you make philippines a better country.. free from drugs and crime,corruption all illegal activities in the Philippines.. God bless you..

  2. Complaint must be file against Aquino and all his KKK so that they will put behind bar. All these people are untouchable during Aquino, so when he step down as president and he no immunity complaint against him and his KKK shall be filed.

  3. Cruel-World on

    To Manila Times: Please remove your “Post Comment” portion; if you’re selective whose item to post. Does your comment portion is for in-house and contracted one only?

  4. Congresswoman Robredo’s comment of agreeing with Sen. Marcos to audit the system was ok. However, saying that there might be cheating in the process similar to 1986 is uncalled for. I

  5. Add a real investigation of the Pork barrel fund stolen by the senators and house of reps.
    Add a investigation of the DAP fund

    Replace the Ombudsman and whoever Aquino appointed to run any agency including he COA, AMLC, Comelec, SSN directors, the Dept of Justice, Audit every agency and lifestyle check everyone in the senate and house of reps, start the push for a honest jailing the corrupt trapos unless the plan is to let them get away with plunder.

  6. To sum up this discussion, it is my opinion that Pnoy is not fit to be the president of our country. We saw this in his lackluster performance as a congressman. He did not craft any law. Pilipinos voted for him, so let all of us suffer the consequences. I did not vote for him but I was affected when he vetoed the SSS adjustment increase in pension. I hope we did not make the same mistake this time.

  7. Now you see the difference on how a President-elect from Mindanao initials his Presidency as compared to the immediate past national leadership. After all those misplaced anxieties, a clear view is starting to unfurl as to the foundations of a better and socio-economically viable national governance.

    Mabuhay President- Rody Duterte!