ELMAU CASTLE, Germany: Flaring tensions between Greece and its creditors were set to dominate a G7 summit in Germany on Sunday, amid fears the debt-wracked country could crash out of the euro and rock the world economy.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel, a champion of tough eurozone reform and austerity, will host the other leaders of the Group of Seven industrialized democracies—the United States, Britain, France, Italy, Canada and Japan.
Also at the two-day power meet will be Greece’s international creditors—the EU, ECB and IMF—who have wrangled for weeks to hammer out a reform plan that would unlock a final 7.2 billion euros ($8 billion) in bailout funds Athens desperately needs.
European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and EU President Donald Tusk were among the guests due to speak Sunday, with International Monetary Fund chief Christine Lagarde joining them on Monday.
In a sign of growing tensions ahead of a key deadline at the end of June, Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras has dismissed creditors’ demands as “absurd.”
Juncker on Saturday snubbed a phone call from the radical leftist leader, with an EU official reportedly saying there was “nothing to discuss”, although Tsipras, Merkel and French President Francois Hollande later spoke by phone.
Athens last week withheld a 300-million-euro ($333 million) loan repayment to the IMF, opting instead to group four scheduled tranches into a single payment at the end of the month.
Tsipras on Friday argued that a “cynical” policy of economic asphyxiation and harsh austerity being applied to Greece will ultimately impact other European states in economic difficulty.
Idyllic setting, global crises
The administration of US President Barack Obama—who will start events Sunday with Merkel by enjoying Bavarian beer, pretzels and oompah music at a nearby village—has urged Europe to resolve the festering Greece issue.
Washington has also voiced strong concern about what is set to be the other big G7 topic, the latest flare-up in fighting in Ukraine, which last week claimed scores of lives and threatened to derail a fragile ceasefire.
Russia’s role in the conflict will for a third time keep President Vladimir Putin away from the meeting, set to gather Hollande, Britain’s David Cameron, Canada’s Stephen Harper, Italy’s Matteo Renzi and Japan’s Shinzo Abe.
Abe and Harper made a point of stopping off in Kiev on their way to Germany to voice support for the embattled government of President Petro Poroshenko, which has been fighting a separatist insurgency by pro-Moscow rebels.
Putin insisted on the eve of the summit that Russia is not a threat to the West.
“There’s no need to be afraid of Russia,” Putin told Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera, adding that “only a sick person—and even then only in his sleep—can imagine that Russia would suddenly attack NATO.”
Merkel has hoped to use the picture-book setting of lush Bavarian meadows and magnificent mountain peaks to showcase the homely side of Europe’s biggest economy while searching for consensus on a catalogue of pressing global issues.
On the official agenda as leaders huddle in the luxury Elmau Castle resort are issues from climate change and Ebola to women’s rights and the fight against Islamist militancy.
Instead, the event threatens to be overshadowed by two leaders who are absent, said the Munich daily Sueddeutsche Zeitung.
“While the government stoically insists everything is normal, two virtual guests are charging up the atmosphere in a way that threatens to dominate the summit: Russian President Vladimir Putin and—some distance behind him—Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras,” it said.
“The renewed fighting in eastern Ukraine and the Greek debt drama will shape at least the public perception of the discussions, summit organizers believe.”
Also hoping to grab attention will be protesters who have vowed to march toward the venue, which is protected by a ring of steel with more than 22,000 police.
Around 4,000 people staged colorful and largely peaceful protests Saturday.
Police reported isolated incidents and in one case deployed pepper spray to disperse some protesters but the noisy demonstration in the city of Garmisch-Partenkirchen was mainly good-natured with music pumping out in sweltering temperatures.