MORE than half of the 215 million child workers worldwide are in hazardous employment, according to the International Labor Organization (ILO).
ILO reported that the number of child workers dropped by almost 30 million between 2000 and 2008. But the ILO said economic and social factors continue to promote child labor globally.
ILO defines hazardous child labor as “being likely to harm children’s health, safety or morals by its nature or circumstances. Children may be directly exposed to obvious work hazards such as sharp tools or poisonous chemicals.”
The ILO, in its report, seeks to highlight the relevance of social security as part of a broader strategy for eliminating child labor and, help advance understanding of the specific ways in which social security systems can support efforts against child labor.
According to ILO, there has been increasing international recognition over the last decade that social protection has an important part to play in efforts against poverty, and that “child-sensitive” social protection is needed to address the unique vulnerabilities and challenges faced by children, including those in child labor.
Neil A. Alcober