Independence: To be ‘run like hell by Filipinos’?


“I prefer a government run like hell by Filipinos to a government run like heaven by Americans.” That’s the famous statement by the Philippines’ second president Manuel Quezon, quoted in so many emotional speeches extolling nationalism.

I’m sure some smart aleck would post in his Facebook page: “Careful what you wish for. We have a government run like hell.”

But Quezon’s affirmation does challenge your rational mind. With one life to live, or a family to raise, why on earth would you want to live in hell?

Quezon’s is a view obviously not shared by the 15 million Filipinos who migrated abroad (the bulk to the colonizing country Quezon referred to) or by workers overseas who are spending their entire working lives there. Another 15 million probably want to live abroad, and have just been thwarted in doing so.

And these aren’t — except for the first wave of migrants to Hawaii and Alaska in the early 1900s— from the poor. They’re from the lower middle class to the rich, or else they wouldn’t even be able to afford the visa fees, plane fares and other migration or “deployment” fees.

More than half of my batch-mates at the Ateneo de Manila high school and college— mostly from the upper class —also didn’t prefer a government run like hell by Filipinos, and have migrated to the US and Canada, many straight from college.

President Manuel Quezon delivering his inaugural address as Commonwealth President in 1935.

President Manuel Quezon delivering his inaugural address as Commonwealth President in 1935.

Even many of the best and brightest of my generation of journalists are now working abroad. Take a moment to think: how many of your college classmates or office mates in you first job are abroad?

Most of our upper class now have permanent-resident status in or are citizens of the US, Canada, Spain, and Australia and  many of the second and third generation of our elite have spent much of their youth abroad in secondary schools and college, that they can’t  speak straight Pilipino, just, “yaya Tagalog”.

History nearly made a cruel joke, and would have ridiculed Quezon if presidential candidate in 2004 Fernando Poe, Jr. (Ronald Allan Kelley Poe), with a Spanish father and an American mother, had become president. With Estrada actually running an FPJ residency, would we have had a government run like hell by an American (or Spaniard?).

I wonder if Senator Grace Poe, who spent nearly all of her working life in the US, is a US citizen, which she could have very easily acquired, invoking having 1/2 American blood.

Would our third woman president be an American?

Manuel L. Quezon 3rd in a 2004 Philippine Daily Inquirer column pointed out that what his grandfather actually said was as follows, which he implied made it a very rational view:

“I prefer a government run like hell by Filipinos to a government run like heaven by Americans. Because, however bad a Filipino government might be, we can always change it.”

I don’t think that’s right. If we were a US state, I’m sure that with America’s recall laws involving governors, it’ll be easy to change the state governor if he runs government like hell, and we won’t worry about poll fraud.

And we did change extra-constitutionally Marcos and Estrada. We in fact change our presidents every six years. But we still have a government run like hell by Filipinos.

Quezon quoted his grandfather at some length to convince us that “preferring a government of Filipinos run like hell” is a noble idea:

“Your country is a great country. It has a great past, and a great future. The Philippines of yesterday are consecrated by the sacrifices of lives and treasure of your patriots, martyrs, and soldiers . . . The Philippines of tomorrow will be the country of plenty, of happiness, and of freedom; A Philippines that is a mistress of her own destiny, holding in her hand the torch of freedom and democracy.”

Before you start hearing in your mind Freddie Aguilar singing “Bayan Ko,” note that Quezon made those statements over radio in the 1920s, nearly 100 years ago, and his grandson Manolo quoted him in a column published 10 years ago. The Philippines of tomorrow is still nowhere in sight

“A republic of virtuous and righteous men and women all working together for a better world than the one we have at present,” Quezon described his vision of the then future Republic.

That sent shivers down my spine. Instead of a republican utopia, we have a dystopia, one of the poorest nations in Asia now, a republic of the corrupt, the inept, and the hypocrite.

Fate seems to be mocking us that this year’s Independence Day celebration coincides with the indictment and arrest of three senators representing two generations, with many more legislators charged with the same crime, which reminds us of how deep we have sunk as a nation.

And we have a President running away from it, pretending to lead the Independence Day celebrations in Naga, but simply obviously afraid of the mass demonstrations scheduled on Independence Day, June 12, in Luneta in the capital city, the symbol of our independence.

Rather than cursing Filipinos though, that our characters are just so flawed, consider a different framework explaining the nature of societies and nations.

Society is a class-divided one, consisting of those owning the means of production, the ruling class who by virtue of that ownership claims ownership of the entire output, and those who don’t.

The means of production were predominantly land before, which evolved into capital, e.g., our landlord class created by the Spanish and the Americans evolving into today’s finance and industry magnates.

The rest, those who don’t own land or capital, are the exploited, whose shares in production are determined not by what is fair but what the ruling class wills.

Nation-states are not really associations or communities of equal citizens, a notion the ruling class has brainwashed all its members to believe. Rather, nations are creations of the ruling classes of a particular territory, just as a medieval baron would block off a vast tract of land as his fiefdom.

The notion of a nation has indeed been a very powerful and even necessary fiction for the ruling classes.

In pre-modern society, it was religion that put the exploited in its place, so that they’d never dreamed of breaking their chains—Christianity in Europe and in its colonized territories, Sons-of-Heaven kinds of crap as in Japan and China. Never mind if your land was confiscated to make up a friar estate, never mind if the colonizer demands you turn over to it half of your crops as taxes. After all, you are part of a bigger entity, the Kingdom of God.

In modern society, the opium is membership in and fealty to the nation. Never mind if you are a landless farm worker, a mall saleslady given only a three-month contract so the magnate can evade mandatory workers’ benefits, or an unemployed factory worker with a family to feed. After all you are part of a bigger entity: the nation.

In rich nations, the ruling classes at least managed to make their economies so productive so as to enlarge the shares income of the working classes. (The recent best seller Capital in the 21st Century by Thomas Pikkety however argues on a mountain of data that this wasn’t because of capitalists largesse but the result of political factors and forces, the ruling class even tried to block.)

The assumption of Quezon’s view was wrong. It isn’t a government by Filipinos that we can talk about. It is a government by the elite, of, and for the elite.
FB: Rigoberto D. Tiglao


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  1. The Cake Is a Lie on

    As much as I hate the current regime, and the hell that this country is experiencing both politically and financially, I can’t say I blame the politicians, senators and all other people in office for that matter. Instead, I point the finger to the masses, the common people, us who put these corrupt officials into power.

    You see, the only reason why the Philippines is full of corrupt politicians is because the majority of the voting class do not look onto the descriptions that the candidate has, or his abilities when voted into office. Instead, they tend to look on “commercial side”. The side where these politicians merely “dress up and look pretty” in hopes that the crowd would notice. The people put into office know how gullible the majority of the voting class is, so when they finally persuade them to vote, these people put into power will abuse it.

    Don’t get me wrong. There are a lot of educated, knowing, and capable people of the voting class whose right minds usher them to vote for the “capable man”. There is just no denying that the majority prefer “makeup over modesty and capability”.

  2. If only the depression era didn’t happen in the 30’s in America. History of the Philippines would have been different.

  3. By ‘being run like hell, Quezon really meant ‘being run like hell but by me’. The long suffering pilipino public is just as culpable however. The elected officials who are almost always on the take, comes from them, is one of them, is elected by them in a sham election and accepted and glorified by them. The electorate is always bought, always expects something from the candidates and is really not too different from a fully paid whore who still finds herself complaining for more from greed and partly from the belief that the money used is really theirs anyway albeit stolen. This is why putting all politicians in a boat and sinking that boat without survivors will not work. the succeeding ones will do the same thing in kind. Then there are also the so called revolutionaries – like the NPA – who really want only to be in power so that they also can have their chance at the trough.

  4. Quezon’s quote is more of a reflection of how they despise the Americans during their time who robbed them of their Independence not knowing what the future holds.

  5. We deserve to be treated by these politician because of our own doing. As long as our politics is patronage politics we will remain forever like this. My solution kill all the pilipinos and let other nation have this damned country. PI PI PI.

  6. Your column today Mr. Tiglao is so thought provoking I could not react or rather put my sentiment in writing.

  7. do we really believe quezon meant what he said? or did he know what the hell he was talking about then?

  8. It would bee worthwhile to compare Quezon’s (in)famous quote with another quote which is reproduced below:

    Here we may reign secure, and, in my choice.
    To reign is worth ambition though in hell;
    Better to reign in hell, than serve in heaven.
    –Lucifer (from John Milton, “Paradise Lost,” Book I, 11. 261-263)

  9. Simple lang ang ibig sabihin ni Quezon — mas mabuti na tayo ang may kontrol sa sarili nating kapakanan kaysa umasa natin sa kagandahang loob nga iba.

    Hindi ba ito ang pangarap ng lahat ng tao? Natural, kapag ikaw ang responsable para sa kapakanan mo, dapat responsable ka nga o kaya walang mangyayari sa iyo.

    Eh kung yung 15 million na mayayaman at middle-class na Pilipinong umalis ay naiwan dito at ginawa ang kaya nila para baguhin ang bayan natin, kahit paano umigi na ang buhay dito.

    Masasabi na ang pagkakamali ni Quezon ay mataas ang tingin niya sa katangian ng Pilipino. Ngunit nararapat lamang ito dahil ang alternatibo ay sumuko na lang at pumayag na magpakawawa — o kaya tumakbo sa ibang bayan.

  10. You forgot to mention he wants to be the president. He is the only smart guy at that time, the rest are idiots to believe him. Look at Hawaii or Puerto Rico. Either way better than Pinas. Will China be problem now? Majority of my classmate is abroad if not US. Three bosses (Director of Eng’g) one after the other from my first job went to US followed by me. (Brain drained) You’re right, why raise a family in hell? What I don’t understand is there are still idiots alive defending the guy. Blood related that part I understand. If you don’t own up to mistakes nothing improves. Doing the same thing again and again, hoping for a different result is plain stupid. That I heard from a real smart guy. you know who that is. I hope this will not be censored. It’s all facts.

  11. Many European countries were riven by socialist revolutions in the 19th century, which took away the power of the elites and taxed (and re-distributed) their inherited wealth. Short of joining the US – the optimum solution – perhaps the Philippines needs a socialist revolution. Consider also the millions of Filipinos who not only vote with their feet by accepting work abroad, but do so by entering into voluntary servitude, exposed to abuse with virtually no legal protections in such places as the Middle East and Hong Kong.

    • victor m. hernandez on

      Rebellion, marami; revolution wala. Only change of new set of rulers, gangsters, plunderers – walang revolution, wlang himala. From one plunderers to another lang and rulers dito sa bansa. People’s trust in government is low, politics is patronage. Indicators: Napoles scam, COA audits, special audits, smuggling, smugglers who are free, assasins who are riding in tandem, bus drivers running amok in highways. Why do you think all these are happening? It is because those who are supposed to implement the laws are not doing their jobs because they are lazy, incompetent, only after money that they can get from doing their job, kuno. Maraming lawyers, psuedo lawyers, maramiong magagaling, marurunong sa batas, pero mabagal ang dating ng hustisya. Iyung may pera lang ang puedeng magpatagal ng kaso. One thing you learn from this government or even those previous governments or administrations. is patience. Pasensya na lang, wala tayong magagawa, bahala kayo sa buhay nyo. You also learn that from the church, pasensya na, magtiis na muna, magdasal kay patron. Kaya patronage politics. Revolution, wala! Matagal ng pinatay si Bonifacio.

  12. Quezon just want to state “independence or self-rule” come hell or high water. He stated those words during the time we’re under American rule and had experienced his country under Spanish rule. At the very least, Filipinos can argue with its own government while it can’t with a foreign occupier. Chose which two is better, and Quezon preferred the first.. Of course we can always argue with that. But the term “HELL” should not had been used, instead, it should had been “CORRUPT”. But if HELL is associated with being poor and HEAVEN associated with being a rich American citizens what would the Filipinos choose? Cambodias killing fields is an experienced like hell or Hitlers extermination of Jews during WWII is Hell, or Marcos tortur of political enemy, or the results of Atomic bombing of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. But except for Cambodia, Hell for the others is selective and not majority of the people.
    For me being educated is the way out of hellish situation whether your in America or in the country.

  13. Oh & one thing i forgot to mention if any famous person in any way criticises the government or this country what do you all say, ban him from coming to our country, we dont want him here. You cant seem to understand that criticism can be good. & one last think a filipino never admits to anything. I dont remember that, i didnt say that, i didnt do that, i knew nothing of that blah blah blah. Before you all get upset at what i have written think about it & you might end up agreeing with it, or some of it.

  14. I think you filipinos are actualy blind to how you country favours filipinos over every other country. I havent worded that right & im not sure how to word it but ill try to give a few examples of what i mean. If 2 filipino boxers are fighting each other the commentators are usualy quite fair in the commentary. If its a filipino v a foreigner ill show you how it goes. If there is a clash of heads & the foreigner is cut it was an accidental clash of heads, if the pinoy is cut it was intentionaly done by the foreigner. If a low blow is landed if its by the filipino it was accidental & should be forgiven, if its by the foreigner it was deliberate & should either have 1 point taken off his score or be disqualified. When the weather is on they always say its in the philippine area of responsibility. Its very subtle things but they always try to say filipino in everything they talk about. They are always quick to announce anything a filipino has done but if a foreigner has done something better it will be lucky to ever receive a mention. Filipinos hate any form of criticism, when im driving i get very upset with the stupidity & ignorance of filipino drivers. My wife says dont say anything as you might get shot. There it is even when the filipino is wrong he wont accept responsibility. The philippines will never be a good a country as england is. It just wont as we are taught different to you. We say please & thank you, i dont think there is a tagalog word for please, well please is a very basic for of courtesy or politeness. It shows respect. I hear proud to be pinoy, i say pinoy needs to get a lot sorted as there isnt much to be proud of,, there could & should be but there isnt.

    • There may be no tagalog word for please. We have one in Cebuano – palihug. As in when you say “Please choke this guy.” In Cebuano it will be said “Palihug tuoka ning tawhana.” Different people, different idiosyncracies. Like how you in England keep your mouth closed when you talk. No doubt we pinoy have been living in rotten hell for quite a while already. And Mr. Tiglao’s point on this is a bit disturbing. Our elites here are that self-centered? And nothing short of bloody struggle can we the working class avail a fairer share of our nation’s wealth? If I am not mistaken, you in England were able to avert the ploretariat-led revolution predicted in Karl Marx’s Das Kapital since your elites were benevolent enough. They were able to go beyond their selfish selves and dared to share a bigger pie to the working class.Can’t we have such a thing here also?

    • I’m an American and the first thing I learned about the Philippines is how to say “please” and “thank you.” There’s “po,” which doesn’t have a direct translation, but is attached to show respect in the same was “please” is used in English. “Salamat” is “Thank you.” I promise you that even when people spoke English to you, they used these words. It’s not their fault if you never bothered to learn what they mean. The Philippines has a lot of problems, as mentioned in this article; but hospitality, respect, and politeness certainly aren’t amongst them.

      There is a lot Filipinos have of which they should be proud. To say the Philippines will never be as good as any other country is just ridiculous. By saying they’ll “never” be as good as England, you’re speaking with the same bias of which you’re accusing them. It may take some tenacity for them to get there, but it can be done.

    • The Cake Is a Lie on

      Not all Filipinos are blind dustin. Some are educated, and elite, prestigious at best. Though I do not deny that there are those who are stupid, the Philippines loves flaunting their nationality. I trait I deem annoying, even for me, as a Filipino. Its the start of a cycle where there is racial discrimination. “Proud to be Pinoy” is the slogan for the Philippines, well what’s that we’re supposed to be proud of? Our race? It feels like the slogan says “Since I’m Filipino, I this and that, and all other races aren’t”. I hate it.

  15. Voice from the Wilderness on

    Yes, this country had been ran like hell by Filipino patriots “kuno” since its independence from the US. And it became more hellish with the accidental ascent to power of the MADONNA aquino presidency which have put this to nation to the straight road to perdition. That is why many countrymen are hell bent on migrating to foreign countries eversince even at the expense of pawning or selling the remaining heirloom of their family just to escape this hell and find their own pot of gold at the end of the rainbow. With the present trend of hellish governance even more pronounced by the Regime of the present inept president,, expect a more vigorous trend towards migration. Perhaps the other real catch phrase that is more apt to this country is; “it is more fun to say goodbye in the Philippines”!

  16. A federation of states/provinces is probably the best alternatives –given our muti-dialects and regional divides– form of government. Abolish congress aka house of thieves.

    • kenn ronquillo on

      I agree. Given our ethnic and cultural divides, this federal form of government could give impetus and provide each region a positive economic competition. I hope the idea snowballs…

  17. Truly, I agree and appreciate your frank dissertation of the evils obtaining in this country. Look and observe at NIA, how many OFWs and other Filipinos leaving for abroad in search of a better life? Approximately, there are 5,000 or more Filipinos leaving for abroad. You ask an elementary or high school students, what they would become to be if they finish college? Their answer is simple – go abroad. Why is this so? Because in the Philippines, there is no tomorrow – no future. The wealth and resources of this country is in the hands of the few. What is left is nothing but morsels for the poor, the illiterate, and the downtrodden wallowing in the quagmire of irreversible poverty. PNoy is just the product of “sympathy votes” from yellow mobs who brainlessly put him in Malacanang. Is this kind of Philippines that Manuel L. Quezon envisioned to be “run like hell by Filipinos.?” With the degree of corruption in the country, as if the blind leading the blind, we don’t see a faint light at the end of the tunnel. We are the worst, corrupt, ill-administered country in the whole universe. It’s a shame to be identified as Filipino – a word associated with corruption.;

    • Please accept my apology Romy but may I add that nowadays, it is very common for our taxes, public money is not used for what they are intended, our money will all of a sudden end up in the pockets of our own legislators and government executives with the President himself authorizing it. Where can you find a government on earth who has a head of state as the author of legislative and executdive corruption? Only in the Philippines.

  18. As an on-going student of politics, I surmise that the ‘battle cry’ asserted by then Pres. Quezon was a ‘smokescreen’ to avoid the checks of the U.S. government on Philippine government officials.

    The Japanese occupation of the country, after WWII, barely ended when the Philippines was granted ‘independence’ in 1946. With all the destruction in the country and all the help received, the leaders, government officials and their friends and relatives took advantage by enriching themselves. Of course, without the Americans minding them, these government leaders and their cohorts were free to do what they did. I wonder if there was a referendum to decide the departure of the Americans that soon because a government of Filipinos was not ready then, as can be gleaned from the speech “immortalized” by Quezon. Looking back, personally, I doubt the sincerity of the Filipino leaders at that time; they had their personal interests primarily. At worst, they do not have the foresight!

  19. Mr. Tiglao,

    You certainly are educating a whole bunch of Filipinos through your very informative and insightful column. The locals (still there) in the Philippines should appreciate the fact that, unlike many of your schoolmates, you stayed there, served the pinoys and now, continue to be a source of understanding…

    Well, in behalf of all that’s still there, I certainly am goaded to be grateful for the light you’ve been shining (until now).

    I’m not always able to keep up – on account of my circumstances…but, when able, I read your column and, ‘copy-paste’ some of them…if you don’t mind…your name as author is intact in each column.

    Thanks once again sir!

  20. Jose Carlito on

    Agree 100 percent that our government is a government ‘by the elite, of the elite and for the elite’. Our system of government is more of a ‘Plutarchy’, run and controlled by the very few plutocrats & oligarchs who’s main purpose is to preserve and protect their own interests.

  21. And Quezon was wrong..90% of Filipinos right now want to go to America and I am sure as before. He proclaim by himself and the other politician that Filipinos wants an independence away from American. He is like Marcos because he did not asked directly the Filipinos by vote if they do not want or want it.

  22. Nakikita ko ang pilipinas ay maging katulad ng Taiwan at Singapore,pero ang mga pinoy hindi makakalapit sa lugar ng mayayaman,nakatanaw lang sila sa malayo at lalong naghihirap ang buhay,magiging dayuhan sa sariling bayan,sobra ang pagkaganid ng mga elite na ng papatakbo ng gobyerno natin,!cha-cha ay ipapasa nila!!

  23. Migs Doromal on

    Let’s face our history squarely.

    The pre-war and post-war Philippine independence movement was orchestrated by elitist elements who were in cahoots with the American commonwealth establishment. Manuel L. Quezon best exemplifies this and he was a handy tool of the emerging Philippine ruling class. Now, if I only I could visit this man’s grave and spit on it.

    I remember with fondness as a young boy in the early 80’s – Bartolome Cabangbang, that retired colonel in the PAF and former major in the US Air Force who ran against Apo Ferdinand Marcos under his Federal Party for Philippine US statehood. People scoffed at him and ridiculed his call for Philippine statehood.

    He who laughs last laughs the loudest. RIP, Mr. Cabangbang. It was a valiant effort. And please stop laughing in your grave.

  24. “If Something Cannot Go on Forever, It Will Stop”-Herb Stein. There is hope for the Philippines after all. The greedy will eventually cannibalize each other and perish together.

  25. If Pres. Quezon is only alive today he would have cried, and say sorry to the Filipinos. I know he meant good but, his vision for the Philippines was short sighted. Considering what is happening now in this country, he would have opted for the Philippines to remain as a commonwealth of the U.S. at least, until such time we are truly ready to govern ourselves. I am of those people who opted to leave our country in order to find a better future. And every time I read a scandal in the Philippines, it kinds of validate my moved as the right thing to do. But still, I hope and pray for the good of the Filipino people.

  26. adrian faustino on

    Quezon’s view was for those who have more in life, you’re right mr. tiglao for the elite only and popular…If I meet him in the next life I’ll make sure to let him know his decision was benefited by the few and 100 millions Filipinos suffered.

  27. How could I disagree with Mr. Tiglao’s narrative? Yes it’s true that the government we have is the government of the elite, by the elite and for the elite.

  28. A government run like hell by Filipinos ? Or is it, more precisely, a government run by American puppets? The Philippine economy is still owned by US imperialism and the Philippine ruling class only dances to their tune. The Philippine government is indeed peopled by Filipinos but they are not the true representatives of the people. Old Uncle Sam has never really granted independence – they still own everything in the country. Only when US imperialism is expelled from Filipino soil can you really say that the Philippines is run by Filipinos. Only then can we judge whether it is hell or heaven !!!

  29. Perhaps the Philippines should petition the U.S. to receive commonwealth status. Would solve a lot of problems

    • kenn ronquillo on

      I believe no country would now be interested in occupying the Philippines. After so many years of being subjugated by colonizers and imperialists, our beloved country had been bled dry of its once rich natural resources and heritage. Our country’s cultural psyche has also suffered permanent scars because of continued inter-perspective conflicts. There seems nothing left attractive of the country for foreigners to exploit us. China, with all its bullying posture is only interested with our disputed territorial waters. Offer them freely our mainland, and all they’d say is: “Nah, your shabu users are enough!” The Philippines is a sad story. Under the yoke of imperialists, we wax poetic crying for freedom in such sterling patriotic zeal. Given free rein, our democratic ways have been abused to epic proportions. Yup, I do believe no other foreign entity is interested to govern us.

  30. Pete Gabriel on

    I think that M L Quezon the president is an elitist who is protecting his rice bowl. The America of his time is not the America that it is today. The framers of the US constitution, really believe and based it on the premise that all men are created equal, it took a while before this became a reality, and it was only until recently that civil rights became a law, during the LB Johnson administration. Proof of this is we now have a black US president, next is most likely a Hispanic. The US is an evolving and dynamic society, and the laws are enacted and repelled to suit the needs of the people. It is not perfect, but it is an inclusive type of government. People are not killed intentionally because they disagree or express an opinion or criticize the government or the elected incumbents. I think Quezon did not do his homework, or he just did not understand the American form of government or it’s concept. He was still hangover from the bad experience with the Spanish colonizer. I do not believe that he understand the difference between a Monarch type of government to that of a democratic form of government. He can not differentiate the Americans from the Spanish, they are all white people only speaking a different language. I do not have all the facts I am just an ordinary Joe, are we better off now or could we have been better off if we are under the umbrella and protection of the US constitution? I am just saying!


    The statement of Quezon that he prefers the Philippines to be run like hell by Filipinos rather to be run like heaven by americans was premised on his nationalistic notion.
    But he did not forsee the sufferings and hardships of Filipinos that is happening in
    country today where it now run by corrupt leaders. Naparaming naghihirap na Pilipino
    ngayon. Look, schools in the country produces thousand or even millions of graduates
    every year. After graduation what? For some of these who are more fortunate, they
    find employment abroad leaving their country behind. Kong ang mga billion billion
    na ninakaw ng mga officials sa gobiyerno ay sana gamitin sa pagpapatayo ng mga
    factories, infrastructures, or projects para magkaroon ng trabaho ang mga Filipinos,
    di sana mabawasbawasan ang unemployment. Pero it is sad to think that the Philippines is different now. It is worst than before. We have a president that is corrupt,
    incompetent, double standard and vindictive. This president should know and understand what a command responsibility is. He is telling us that eleven (11) Abads
    in this present government does not constitute nepotism. Dapat i-repel na lang
    ang batas tungkol sa nepotism. Mayadong garapal. These who partook of the
    pork barrel loot, sana you can look at your children straight to the eye. You don’t
    deserve any respect at all.