RIYADH: Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi over the weekend started a visit to Saudi Arabia where he will discuss energy, security and trade cooperation with leaders of the world’s largest crude exporter.
India, which imports around 80 percent of its oil needs, is keen to take advantage of low crude prices by signing overseas deals that will help secure supplies to meet its growing demand.
“Almost 20 percent of our crude supplies come from Saudi Arabia,” Indian foreign ministry official Shri Mridul Kumar said ahead of the visit.
“We have to make sure that this supply continues. And this is one of the key agenda points that the prime minister will be discussing with King Salman,” he added.
Kumar said Modi was also expected to discuss means “to ensure the well being” of 2.96 million Indian expatriates in Saudi Arabia who send home over $10 billion in remittances every year.
Later on Saturday, he met with members of the Indian community, whom he assured that the “Indian economy was rapidly progressing,” according to his website.
“The reason for India’s growth was the political stability in the country,” he said.
He also visited a the residential complex of workers employed by Indian engineering and construction firm Larsen & Toubro (L&T) in Riyadh, where he announced the opening of a worker resource centre, his website said.
L&T is constructing key facilities for the Riyadh metro lines.
Indian officials will also discuss the Muslim hajj to ensure it takes place smoothly, after a stampede at the annual pilgrimage last September killed more than 2,000 pilgrims, including 116 Indians.
Muslim pilgrims have blamed the stampede on police road closures and poor Saudi management of the flow of hundreds of thousands of people, who found escape routes blocked when the crush occurred.
Security cooperation is also expected to be on the agenda of the talks, Kumar said, describing the two-day visit as “very important”.
Saudi Arabia and the US Treasury this week announced joint sanctions on four individuals and two organisations with alleged links to Al-Qaeda, the Taliban and Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) — which India blames for the 2008 Mumbai attacks that killed 166 people.
Among those sanctioned was Saudi-based Muhammad Ijaz Safarash, who allegedly provided financial, material or technological support for the Pakistan-based militant group LeT.
Modi will also meet Saudi business leaders on Sunday to discuss bilateral investment.
“Saudi Arabia is our fourth largest trading partner” with exports to the kingdom exceeding $11 billion, said Kumar.
Modi’s right-wing nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) swept to power in 2014 promising to revive India’s economy and create much-needed jobs.
Modi has bolstered ties with the six-nation Gulf Cooperation Council — Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
He visited the UAE in August, the first such trip by an Indian premier in more than three decades.
Some eight million Indians live in the GCC states and send home each year remittances of around $35-40 billion, according to Kumar.