ABU DHABI: Representatives from dozens of countries meet in Abu Dhabi on Friday to discuss the creation of a $100-million fund to protect and restore heritage sites threatened by extremism and conflict.
The two-day conference reflects growing international alarm over the destruction of ancient artIfacts by Islamic State group jihadists using sledgehammers, bulldozers and explosives.
On the eve of the meeting, five Nobel prize winners launched an appeal for urgent action to safeguard world heritage sites, pointing to the irreparable damage wreaked in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan and Mali.
“Part of our history has been lost forever, with the goal of fanaticism being to undermine our hope for the future,” said the statement from Aung San Suu Kyi, Kofi Annan, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Orhan Pamuk and Mario Vargas Llosa.
“Urgent action must be taken — the time for powerless expressions of indignation is over,” they added.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, whose director Irina Bokova will deliver an opening presentation, said 55 out of a total of 1,052 heritage sites around the world are listed as World Heritage in Danger.
Delegates from around 40 countries, including more than a dozen heads of state or government, including several Gulf monarchs, will attend the gathering, which is based on an initiative led by France and the United Arab Emirates.
French President Francois Hollande and Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al-Nahyan, whose countries will be key contributors to the fund, will make closing speeches on Saturday.
Former French culture minister Jack Lang, who heads the Paris-based Institut du Monde Arabe, said the forum will take “concrete decisions” such as the creation of a fund to help cover the cost of transporting, safeguarding and restoring affected monuments — including using 3D reconstruction.
France will contribute $30 million to the fund, Lang said.
It will be formed as an “independent legal entity”, according to a preparatory document that says it will likely be established in Geneva from 2017.
The conference also aims to establish “refuge zones” around the globe for endangered works of art, according to a source close to organizers.
The proposed partnership would include governments, public institutions, private groups, non-governmental organizations and experts.
A French official described the initiative as the “cultural counterpart” of the international military and political war on terrorism.
Hollande, who has called for “asylum rights for artifacts,” last month announced that a safekeeping facility is to open in northern France in 2019.
In addition to housing the Louvre Museum’s stored collection, it could also be a refuge for endangered artworks.