FALLUJAH, Iraq: Iraqi forces hunted down holdout jihadists in Fallujah Saturday after retaking the city center and trained their sights on Mosul, the Islamic State’s last remaining major hub in the country.
While not fully under government control yet, Fallujah is the latest in a string of battlefield losses for IS, which has seen its two-year-old “caliphate” shrink significantly in recent months.
Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi on Friday declared Fallujah retaken after the national flag was raised over the main government compound, but IS fighters still hold most northern neighborhoods.
Elite Iraqi forces “are continuing their progress in the liberation of neighborhoods in northern Fallujah”, Lieutenant General Abdulwahab al-Saadi, overall commander of the operation, told Agence France-Presse.
Forces led by the police of Anbar province, where Fallujah is located, were meanwhile combing reconquered southern neighborhoods for pockets of IS fighters and explosive devices, he said.
Abadi announced the recapture of the city of Ramadi, Anbar’s provincial capital, in December but the security forces only established full control over the city in February.
Over the past few days, IS has carried out several significant attacks in the Ramadi area, the latest on Saturday in a region called Zankura.
Saadi and other commanders said Iraqi forces faced only limited resistance during the major advance that saw them push into the heart of Fallujah and secure a breakthrough in the four-week-old operation.
Security sources said IS members have been slipping out of the city by blending in with civilians fleeing the fighting.
IS’s retreat in Fallujah sparked what the Norwegian Refugee Council described as “an unprecedented tidal wave of mass displacement from Fallujah.”
It said late Friday that up to 20,000 people fled the city in just a few hours.
Footage on social media showed hundreds of people swimming across the Euphrates to reach safety.
“It is unknown how many families are still trapped inside Fallujah but we are concerned they are the most vulnerable—pregnant women, elderly people, people with disabilities,” the NRC said.
Aid groups have been warning for days they would be overwhelmed by the flow of displaced and were running low on funding and supplies to respond to the humanitarian crisis.
Building on the momentum of the Fallujah operation, Iraq announced on Saturday that joint Kurdish-federal forces were starting a new phase in the push on Mosul from the south.
“We started at 5 a.m. (0200 GMT) the second phase of the liberation of Nineveh,” Defence Minister Khaled al-Obeidi told AFP.
“The target of the operation is to take Qayyarah and make it a launchpad for Mosul,” Obeidi said.
Qayyarah, which has an airfield, lies across the River Tigris from the main base for pro-government forces in the Kurdish-controlled area of Makhmur.
It is some 60 kilometers (35 miles) south of Mosul.
Forces working their way up from the south along the Tigris also revived a stalled offensive on Saturday, security officials in the Salaheddin province said.