MOSUL, Iraq: Iraq’s Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi visited Mosul on Sunday (Monday in Manila), hailing his forces for securing “victory” over the Islamic State group, their biggest yet against the jihadists.
Abadi’s office said he was visiting “liberated” Mosul to congratulate his “heroic fighters,” but the premier later indicated he would only declare victory once final pockets of resistance were cleared.
“Victory is certain, and what remains of Daesh is surrounded… and it is just a matter of time for us to announce the great victory to our people,” Abadi said in a statement, using an Arabic acronym for IS.
The delay “comes out of my respect and appreciation for our… forces that are continuing the clearing operation,” he said.
“There are just one or two pockets of Daesh remnants left,” and “the major victory is in hand,” the premier added.
That victory comes at an enormous cost: much of Iraq’s second city in ruins, thousands dead and wounded, and nearly a million people forced from their homes.
Enormous challenges lie ahead, not just in rebuilding Mosul but in tackling the continued presence elsewhere of IS.
Photographs showed Abadi dressed in a black military uniform and cap, shaking hands with police and army officers.
His office said Abadi met commanders in Mosul and issued a series of orders on “sustaining victories and eliminating the defeated remnants” of IS, as well as “establishing security and stability in the liberated city.”
‘Victory for all Iraqis’
Iraqi forces waved flags and flashed victory signs after Abadi arrived in the city.
“This victory is for all Iraqis, not just for us,” Mohanned Jassem, a member of the elite Counter-Terrorism Service, told Agence France-Presse at the police base where Abadi met commanders.
Jassem, who fought in most of the other main battles of the war against IS, said Mosul was the toughest.
“I took part in fighting in Ramadi and Tikrit and Salaheddin and Baiji and Al-Qayyarah… but the fighting here in (IS’s) stronghold was the most violent,” he said, an Iraqi flag draped over his shoulders.
IS swept across much of Iraq’s Sunni Arab heartland in a lightning offensive in mid-2014, proclaiming a “caliphate” straddling Iraq and neighboring Syria.
Imposing its brutal interpretation of Islamic law, the group committed widespread atrocities and organized or inspired deadly attacks in Iraq, Syria and abroad.
A US-led coalition launched military operations against IS in Syria and Iraq in mid-2014, carrying out a campaign of air strikes against the jihadists and sending advisers to work with local ground forces.
French President Emmanuel Macron was among the first world leaders to offer his congratulations.
“Mosul liberated from Daesh,” he tweeted. “Homage from France to all those, with our troops, who contributed to this victory.”
British Defense Secretary Michael Fallon congratulated Abadi and the “Iraqi forces who have been fighting on the ground with great bravery.”
The European Union called the victory “a decisive step in the campaign to eliminate terrorist control in parts of Iraq.”
IS has lost most of the territory it once controlled, and the coalition is aiming to oust the jihadists from their Syrian stronghold Raqa, which is under assault by US-backed Arab and Kurdish forces.
Iraqi forces launched their campaign to recapture Mosul in October, seizing its eastern side in January and launching the battle for its western part the next month.
But the fight grew tougher when security forces entered the densely populated Old City on the western bank of the Tigris River, which divides the city.