TOKYO: The Japanese government on Tuesday unveiled a $470-million plan to stem radioactive water leaks at Fukushima, creating a wall of ice underneath the stricken nuclear plant, as the government elbowed the operator aside.
Acknowledging global concerns over a so-far “haphazard” management of the crisis by Tokyo Electric Power Co. (Tepco), Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said his administration will step in with public money to get the job done.
“The government needs to resolve the problem by standing at the forefront,” he told a meeting of his nuclear disaster response team.
“Discarding the current, impromptu response, we will set up our basic policies for a fundamental resolution of the contaminated water problem.
“The government will do its best and take the necessary fiscal action,” he said, referring to tapping taxpayer funds.
Tokyo’s intervention comes just days before a decision in Argentina by the International Olympic Committee on who should host the 2020 Games. Observers have warned the situation at Fukushima could prove the undoing of Tokyo’s bid.
“The world is paying attention to whether we can realize the decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi, including the contaminated water problem,” Abe said.
Thousands of tons of radioactive water is being stored in temporary tanks at the site, 220 kilometers north of the Japanese capital, much of it having been used to cool molten reactors wrecked by the tsunami of March 2011.
The discovery of leaks from some of these tanks or from pipes feeding them, as well as radiation hotspots on the ground even where no water is evident, has created a growing sense of crisis.
Some of the highly toxic water that has escaped may have made its way into the Pacific Ocean, Tepco has admitted.
On top of this, the natural flow of groundwater from the surrounding hillsides, which goes underneath the plant and out to sea, is also causing problems.
As it pours through the soil, it is mixing with polluted fluid that has seeped into the ground under the reactors.
Tepco says up to 300 tons of this mildly radioactive groundwater is making its way into the sea every day.
Under the 47 billion yen ($470 million) scheme announced on Tuesday, scientists will freeze the soil around the stricken reactors to form an impenetrable wall they hope will direct groundwater away from the plant.
This will entail burying pipes vertically and passing refrigerant through them. Officials estimate the whole project will take two years and cost around 32 billion yen.
A further 15 billion yen will be spent on equipment to remove radiation from water currently being stored.