TOKYO: Japan’s economy grew less than initially thought in the final quarter of 2014, revised government data showed on Monday, revealing an even weaker emergence from recession than previously believed.
The poor data could put the Bank of Japan under pressure to launch more stimulus, economists said, as the world’s third largest economy struggles to rid itself of two decades of lassitude.
The Cabinet Office said the economy expanded just 0.4 percent in the October-December period from the previous quarter, down from an initial estimate of 0.6 percent growth, with corporate capital investment shrinking.
Despite the downgrade, the data still confirmed the Japanese economy had crawled out of recession at the end of 2014, after two consecutive quarters in which gross domestic product (GDP) contracted.
“The result showed that Japan’s economy bottomed out from a ‘technical recession’ following the April VAT hike in October-December quarter, while the pace of recovery was still limited,” Credit Suisse economists said in a note.
Japan’s economy stuttered last year after an April sales tax rise cut off the flow of consumer spending, which had shown healthy growth until then.
Monday’s figures, if annualized, show GDP growth revised down to 1.5 percent from the previous figure of 2.2 percent.
That places Japan well behind the United States, where revised data showed the economy growing an annualized 2.2 percent in the fourth quarter.
Over the full calendar year the Japanese economy logged zero growth, a significant slowdown from an expansion of 1.6 percent in 2013.
Capital Economics said the revised GDP data support the case for more easy cash from the central bank.
“We still think that the Bank of Japan will announce more stimulus next month” to achieve its inflation target of 2.0 percent, said Marcel Thieliant, Japan economist at Capital Economics.
Sustained inflation is a key measure of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s pro-spending growth blueprint, dubbed Abenomics, which was set in motion in late 2012, sending the yen plunging and boosting stock prices.
The central bank expanded its already massive asset-purchasing program in October.
But Japan’s inflation rate has now dropped to its lowest level since just after Abenomics was unleashed.
Core inflation in January came in at 2.2 percent, but once the effect of the tax hike is stripped out, prices were seen squeaking up just 0.2 percent from a year earlier, the worst reading since a zero percent rate in May 2013.