• The judicious spending of taxpayers’ money: Does it matter?



    Last of 4 parts
    DEMENTIA is a general term for loss of memory and other mental abilities caused by physical changes in the brain. According to medical doctors, Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia. Some of the clinical symptoms involve difficulty remembering names and recent events, impaired judgment, disorientation, behavioral changes and confusion.

    When it comes to compliance with the Automated Elections System (AES) Law, or RA 9369, it is a matter of public knowledge that most of the Commission on Elections (Comelec) officials have dementia. They forgot their obligation to promulgate the implementing rules and regulations (IRR) for the execution and enforcement of the AES law since 1997. That’s 20 years ago! Until now, the Comelec has not given any update as to when they will inform the Congress and public concerning the IRR.

    With regard to their existing information technology (IT) assets, the Comelec tends to forget its existing IT assets to the point of making them useless either after its first use or non-usage at all. Case in point was the acquisition of the P50 million worth of the consolidation and canvassing system (CCS) from Smartmatic that were used in the ARMM elections in 2008.However, a different CCS was used in the 2010 elections during the time of Chairman Jose Melo and Comelec therefore spent for it without considering the ‘forgotten’ CCS used in 2008.

    With the aim of using Filipino-made AES innovation, the AES Watch in 2011 launched the Filipino IT for Automated Elections (FIT4E). They remember that the then as yet unconfirmed Comelec Chairman Sixto Brillantes had told a FIT4E conference that the Comelec would fully support the FIT4E. Hence, former Commissioner Gus Lagman thought of internally developing a CCS for Comelec with the help of the Department of Science and Technology. His premise was that with an in-house-developed CCS, the CCS logic would not change regardless of the vote-counting technology. The CCS was finished in a matter of months in 2012, just in time for the 2013 mid-term elections. Surprisingly, the Comelec only spent P600,000 for that in-house developed CCS. However, Brillantes, who by then had been confirmed by the Commission on Appointments, forgot all about the FIT4E and simply disapproved the implementation of the Comelec’s CCS in 2013.

    In 2015, the AES Watch supported two Filipino-made election systems: the Precinct Automated Tallying System (PATAS) and the TrAnsPArenT Election System (TAPAT). Participated in by Comelec officials, these two innovations were presented in two separate mock elections in Bacoor and Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila, respectively. For both technologies, AES Watch determined that the cost of implementing PATAS and TAPAT would not exceed P5 billion as compared with the Smartmatic’s solution. Besides, there would be no logistical cost as the AES components (e.g., laptops, androids, etc.) would be delivered by the suppliers in the localities of the precincts. There would be no warehousing, repair and maintenance costs because the AES components would be donated after the elections to the Department of Education for the use of the teachers.

    Unfortunately, the Comelec downplayed the potential of PATAS (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=odhW0yzZt1s) and TAPAT (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V8zbu8Wcbyc). Chairman Andres Bautista aired the commissioners’ concerns about PATAS in a joint congressional oversight committee (JCOC) hearing on August 6, 2015.He said: “After deliberation, the Comelec felt that the hybrid system was not appropriate for use in the 2016 elections because…No. 1 was cost…the system will cost around 25 to 36 billion pesos…various operational and logistical challenge related to manual elections, especially the continuing use of the “tara” and the manual counting…the laptop screen was different from what was appearing in the projection screen…certain members of Congress have expressed apprehension in respect of the legality of the PATAS system…” Yet, the AES Watch analysis showed the Comelec’s findings to be baseless (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TlpjfqljJBs).

    At the same JCOC hearing, Bautista remarked: “Insofar as the TAPAT system is concerned…I think we have publicly stated that we think that this system has promise and that we will look into it. Except that again given time constraints for the 2016 elections, I don’t think that we can meaningfully consider TAPAT. But as I said, put it on record, for subsequent elections, we will look into TAPAT.” Two years after, there’s still no action from the commission and this is already a manifestation of dementia.

    With the past three national and local elections, nothing has happened in terms of compliance with RA9369. The decision made in selecting the technology used was not based on facts, figures and recommendations of the Comelec Advisory Council (CAC). It’s worth remembering that the CAC suggested that the Smartmatic PCOS machines should not be used in the 2013 elections and beyond due to its inherent technical problems. But the Comelec just ignored that recommendation and instead worked on the basis of gut feel and guesstimates. Worst, the expenditures on AES implementation exponentially increased without regard for the undesirable operational cost implications.

    To conclude this four-part series, one may ask, “Does it matter to Comelec how they spend our taxpayers’ money?”


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    1 Comment

    1. dating kriminal on

      The COMELEC have not given any update report to Congress since 1997 because the Automated Election System machines have done what it suppose to do, under the law. Since there were no hardware / software upgrade done to it, and the system worked exceptionally well in the last three elections, why then bother to create a report to Congress? In other words, the Congress is satisfied with how the COMELEC doing its job, because up to this point in time, there were no equipment (AES) upgrade nor phase out request coming from COMELEC. People that can think realistically and logically with humility, are aware that the government is getting a good investment return and the taxpayers money was well spent when they purchase the (AES) system.

      The public, to include the writer of this article, failed to understand that when the government purchased these equipment as part of the Automated Election System, patents and copyrights were included, and that is the reason why they paid so much money. Therefore, the government can reproduce, revise, upgrade, or do anything it want on the copyrighted materials that suppose to go with the system, without restrictions. To conclude this issue, taxpayers money are well spent.

      As far as PATAS and TAPAT is concerned, these are Filipino owned business enterprises. There is nothing wrong with this but their AES machines cannot and should never be used in any elections in the Philippines for simple reason, “conflict of interests.” If this would have been the scenario, PATAS and TAPAT AES machines were used in last Presidential Election, Uncle Jojo would have won the Presidential election easily and the Vice presidency could have been bought by my cousin, BBM easily. (pun intended).

      If I were to design, build, and reproduce AES to be used in Philippine Elections, I will be the registered, lawful patent and copyright owner of the AES hardware, software, and firmware. What this means is, I also know everything about this system, its capabilities and limitations. I know how this system will be configured, connectivity, addresses such as IP and MAC, Security issues, passwords, and everything about the system. Therefore, I can get into the network easily, communicate to any device(s) configured within the network, make changers I want, and get out without footprints or trace. If the price is right, I can cook the election results even election is about to start. I would then hire Nelson Celis as my marketing director, to convince the Congress to buy our product, and I would offer Nelson a price that he cannot refuse. Any Filipino, residing anywhere in the world would know that in the Philippines, everything have a price, and because the dynamic of this element called money, it will turn impossible into possible, whatever it is.

      This is probably the reason why the COMELEC did not go for this “Filipino Made” stuff, to avoid conflict of interests.