K to 12 kinks


ACCORDING to an Inquirer news article, a group of college professors, school staff and their supporters who call themselves The Coalition for K to 12 Suspension called on President Benigno Aquino 3rd to suspend the K to 12 program.

They vowed to challenge it before the Supreme Court “for failing to protect the labor rights” of affected teachers.

Under the enhanced basic education program of the Department of Education—called K to 12 or Kindergarten plus Grades 1-12—a student will be required to undergo kindergarten, six years of elementary, four years of junior high school and two years of senior high school.

The implementation of universal kindergarten began in school year 2011-2012, followed by a new curriculum for Grade 7 in school year 2012-2013.

School year 2016-2017 will mark the nationwide implementation of the Grade 11 curriculum, to be followed by the Grade 12 curriculum in school year 2017-2018.

The Coalition for K to 12 Suspension will file in the Supreme Court on March 12 a petition seeking a temporary restraining order or writ of preliminary injunction against the program, according to Rene Tadle, who is also a convenor of the Council of Teachers and Staff of Colleges and Universities in the Philippines.

The group would also hold a mass action on May 9 to voice their opposition to the K to 12 curriculum.

In a press briefing, Tadle said the K to 12 law failed to provide protection for the labor rights of the 56,771 teachers and 22,838 non-teaching personnel who stand to lose their jobs and their hard-won security of tenure as a result of the program.

Because of the additional two years of high school, very few incoming college freshmen are expected in 2016, the start of the transition period for the program, leaving college professors with little to do and opening up the possibility that colleges and universities would lay them off or reduce their teaching load.

The loss of tenure also means the diminution of teachers’ benefits, which could lead to their underemployment and contractualization, Tadle said.

“Even before 2016, teachers and non-teaching staff, together with their families and dependents, have been suffering from undue stress, anxiety and anguish, brought about by the specter of early separation, forced retirement, constructive dismissal, diminution of salaries and benefits, labor contractualization, and general threat to self-organization,” Tadle said, reading from the coalition statement.

But teachers cannot be laid off just like that. Indeed, no company is allowed to lay off employees in lieu of anticipatory loss as it would be in violation of Article 283 of the Labor Code.

Teachers who would be laid off because of the K-12 implementation have a legitimate case or grievance.

In a previous column I mentioned how some private colleges and universities are quietly making adjustments to accommodate students who intend to skip Grades 11 and 12 in order to make sure they would have some college students during the crucial transition or the years where there will hardly be any college enrollees.

Schools stand to lose up to P150 billion due to decreased enrollment over five years once senior high school is fully implemented in 2016.

The Coordinating Council of Private Educational Associations (Cocopea) said that with the start of the added two-year senior high school, colleges would have no freshmen enrollees in school years 2016-2017 and 2017-2018.

The decreased enrollment is expected to carry over in the next three years or until school year 2020-2021, Cocopea said.

The Council of Teachers and Staff of Colleges and Universities said that based on their estimates, universities and colleges will lose 500,000 freshman college enrollees and more than 300,000 sophomore college enrollees once the implementation of the senior high school program starts in 2016.

What happens if the Supreme Court finds favor with The Coalition for K to 12 Suspension’s petition to stop the K-12 curriculum? As of now, it is already being implemented.

Another important question is whether the government can find the P30 billion a year it needs to spend until 2020 to meet the public classroom and staffing needs for the K to 12 Program.

That is how much it needs according to a recent study released by the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS).

In a policy note, titled “K to 12 reform: Implications of adding Grades 11 and 12 on the higher education sub-sector,” PIDS senior research fellow Rosario G. Manasan said the government must add some 23,812 classrooms and 38,708 teachers for school year (SY) 2017 to 2018 period.

“The budgetary support needed for the SHS [senior high school]program is estimated to be equal to P27 billion in SY 2015-2016, P37 billion in SY 2016-2017, P28 billion in SY 2017-2018, and an average of P33 billion over the SY 2018 [to]2020 period,” Manasan said.

Obviously, K to 12 can’t work without teachers to teach subjects or classrooms to hold classes in.

There are so many kinks to the K to 12 curriculum that the government has to iron out and I hope President Aquino doesn’t just kick the can to the next administration.


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  1. Everybody in favor of this always asks the “why only now?” thing. Nobody wanted this except government and those who will profit from it. No consultation was ever done to parents, only to schools. Media didn’t give it the proper attention for some reason. Had this gone through proper consultation this would never have passed. This is a result of a program without the proper cooperation of the people directly affected. Shame on those who keep talking about “the long term” when in fact a huge majority can’t even afford to eat right.

  2. Looking at this in another perspective, if it will take around five years to meet the requirements of staffing and classrooms for the K2-12 to be implemented in Philippines. For each year leading to 2020, how many college graduates will Philippines have coming out of school? And at the current statistical data, how many of these graduates can find immediate employment in Philippines?

    While, leading to year 2020, these graduates who cannot find employment in our country are seeking to go abroad, thinking of getting a better chance at employment. It must be reminded, for unemployed Filipinos that AEC has started to be implemented, it is an economic integration which guarantees free exchange of commerce and services among ASEAN members.

    However, other ASEAN countries have K2-12 educational system already in-place, and where would that place Filipino college and university graduates in gaining professional employment against our ASEAN neighbors?

    Unlike, what it was before that the old educational system is acceptable for most part, currently our ASEAN or Asian neighbors are getting picky in hiring people, for they do not want to lose the advantages on hiring their local manpower and skills development. As such, the ticket to gain entry into this competitive job market would be to have an educational system at par with our ASEAN neighbors.

    If Philippines insist on continuing the old system and delaying its implimentation for the next five years, then these graduates would have to contend themselves to accept a low salary and base level jobs. While, Philippines look toward our neighbors who are reaping the benefits of a competitive market and robust economy.

  3. Leodegardo Pruna on

    Why only now? The breaking of the Department of Education into three resulted to what and where we are now. We are the only country in the world having this kind of educational system. Each of the three are trying to outdo each other tantamount to competition rather than cooperation/coordination. I believe that selfishness and greed are the reasons for the mess we are in. The group is rather acting late. It should have done this thing earlier. But, that is how it is in our country, unless our very survival is challenge, only then we act. Now, we have the bite the bullet otherwise we shall suffer the more in abandoning what has been started. We must however make sure that what we shall be doing would not aggravate the situation. God bless the Philippines.