• Legal spouse has priority over illegitimate child

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    Persida Acosta

    Persida Acosta

    Dear Benjie,
    There are many considerations which should be taken into account when discussing the support to be given to an illegitimate child. To begin with, the Family Code or any law is silent about the amount that should be given by a father to his illegitimate child. The Family Code only provides for guidelines in determining this amount. It is provided under Article 201 of the Family Code that the amount of support shall be in proportion to the resources or means of the giver and to the necessities of the recipient. This support may be reduced or increased proportionately according to the reduction or increase of the necessities of the recipient and resources or means of the person obliged to furnish the same (Article 202, Family Code). Based from the foregoing, the mother of your child may demand for increase of support for your child if his/her necessities also increased. But your capacity as a giver should also be considered. As such, you may not be compelled to provide for more if you do not have the capacity to do so. The mother of your child is also obliged pursuant to Article 200 of the Family Code to contribute to the expenses of your child considering that, according to you, she is employed. Consequently, the said support shall be divided between the two of you in proportion to your resources.

    On the other hand, the priority in the giving of support may be based also on Article 200 of the Family Code which provides that, when two or more recipients at the same time claim support from one (1) and the same person legally obliged to give it, should the latter not have sufficient means to satisfy all claims, the order established in the preceding article (Article 199, Ibid.) shall be followed, unless the concurrent obligee should be the spouse and the child subject to parental authority, in which case the child shall be preferred (emphasis supplied). Thus, your obligation to your spouse is more preferred than your obligation to your illegitimate child because you do not have parental authority over the latter as illegitimate children are under the parental authority of their mothers. (Article 176, Id.)

    We hope that we have answered your query. Our legal opinion may vary if other facts are stated or elaborated.

    Editor’s note: Dear PAO is a daily column of the Public Attorney’s Office. Questions for Chief Acosta may be sent to dearpao@manilatimes.net

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    1 Comment

    1. Dear PAO
      Ako po Si Analiza Coloma may asawa at 3 anak, pero un panganay lang po ang tunay na anak ng asawa ko na ndi nya tunay na anak un pangalawa at bunso. Ndi po sya nagsampa ng kaso laban sa akin ngunit kapag po nagagalit sya sinasabi nya na ipapakulong nya ako, natatakot po ako sa kanya dahil gusto nya lahat ng sasabihin nya sundin ko kung ndi daw ay ipapakulong na nya ako, isang text lang daw po nya sa attorney nya pwede na daw po nya ako ipadampot sa pulis, para po ndi nya gawin un sinusunod ko nlng po sya. at nagbabanta po sya na ilalayo ang 3 bata kapag ndi ako sumunod sa kanya. Ano po ang pwede kon gawin para po tumigil sya sa paggigipit sa akin at pananakot na ipapakulong. Ayoko na rin po na makisama sa kanya dhil ndi ko po alam kung pagmamahal o para na lang sa mga bata kaya rin siguro tumagal ako at dahil na rin siguro mas matagal nmn po syang wala dhil ngbabarko po sya. Ang gusto ko lang po sana mangyari ay lumayo sa kanya at hayaan nya kami ng mga bata kahit po ndi na sya magbigay para sa anak namin basta lang po wala na kami kamunikasyon..
      Sana po ay matulungan nyo ako..

      Maraming Salamat,
      Analiza Coloma