Mindanao war cost P2T in 31 years – study

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Economic losses from 1970 to 2001 almost equaled 2015 budget
The Mindanao war has cost the Philippine government a staggering P2.013 trillion during the 31-year period from 1970 to 2001, an amount nearly equivalent to the P2.606 trillion 2015 national budget.

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This was disclosed by the Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process (OPAPP) based on the data it gathered from various sources, including the World Bank (WB).

The government spent some P73 billion to finance government forces in combat operations against the secessionist Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) from 1970 to 1996.

The years of fighting had killed nearly 120,000 people, excluding the tens of thousands of wounded from both sides and civilians caught in the crossfire. It was a bloody conventional warfare as the MNLF forces directly attacked military camps and installations.

Fifty percent of the casualties were MNLF while the military sustained 30 percent and civilians 20 percent killed during the period.

In terms of social welfare disruption, 982,000 were displaced during the 2000 all-out war.

One of the fiercest fighting happened in Jolo, Sulu in the first half of February 1974 when MNLF rebels attacked and burned the provincial capital and occupied it for days before they were driven out by government forces, particularly the 14th Infantry Battalion of the Philippine Army commanded by then Col. Salvador M. Mison.

The war ended when the Philippine government and MNLF signed the historic peace agreement on Sept. 2, 1996 during the administration of President Fidel V. Ramos.

But the 1996 peace accord was disrupted when the breakaway group Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) protested the signing and continued its war with the government.

A ceasefire was signed in 1997 but this did not last long when a new administration under President Joseph Estrada declared an all-out war against the MILF in the summer of 2000 after the rebels launched several attacks on military and civilian population.

After three months of fighting, the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) captured practically all the 49 MILF camps in various parts of Mindanao and forced the rebels to withdraw.

The cost of the all-out war in 2000 that lasted for three months, more or less, was an enormous PhP1.3 billion in military operations.

In addition, the county incurred economic losses amounting to a staggering P640 billion or PhP20 billion per year from 1970 to 2001 in terms of damages to businesses and properties, potential investments and businesses in the region had there been better security (no war).”

While the war was won by the AFP, the fighting had not stopped as the MILF forces continued its armed struggle.

It was only during the time of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo that peace talks between the government and the MILF resumed sometime in 2004.

However, fighting erupted anew in 2008 when the controversial Memorandum of Agreement on Ancestral Domain (MOA-AD) about to be signed was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.

The renewed fighting had displaced some 600,000 people.

It was only in 2009 that the peace process reopened during the remaining six months of the Arroyo government and was pursued by a new administration under President Benigno S. Aquino 3rd in 2010 that resulted in the signing of the Comprehensive Agreement on Bangsamoro (CAB) between the government and MILF on March 27, 2014.

Under the agreement, the MILF would turn over their firearms to a third party, which would be selected by the rebels and the Philippine government. The MILF has agreed to decommission its armed wing, the Bangsamoro Islamic Armed Forces (BIAF). In return, the government will establish an autonomous Bangsamoro.

The Aquino government is now asking Congress for the passage of the Bangsamoro Basic Law (BBL), the legal instrument that will operationalize the agreements as contained in the Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro signed on Oct. 15, 2012 and its annexes.

Once enacted by Congress, the BBL shall undergo a process of popular ratification by the qualified voters in the proposed core territory.

However, the BBL has suffered a setback following the bloody Mamapasano incident that killed 44 police commandos of the Special Action Force (SAF) of the Philippine National Police (PNP) tasked to serve a warrant of arrest for wanted international terrorists Zulkifli bin Hir, alias Marwan, in Mamasapano, Maguindanao last Jan. 25.

OPAPP is still hoping the controversial measure will be passed by Congress to end the long-drawn armed conflict in southern Philippines.

PNA

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17 Comments

  1. You talk peace with them, and bribe them for cessation of hostilities which do not last, then go again to battle for some years, till another stupid leader comes along to revive the limping organization and start talking peace again, bribing them ang and buy cessation of hostilities. This is a never ending, very costly carousel of idiocy…

  2. The US State Dept has already a template solution and the DOJ can just cut-and-paste the formula. Since those monkeys are inveterate copycats, why don’t they just copy the template – hire Private Military Contractors. It will not cost that much to hire a PMC for each province in the ARMM. A PMC (eg. Blackwater) has all the hardware to stage an operation. They can even create an ex-deal with a drone manufacturer to pinpoint the exact location of each and every base of the ABCD, EFGH or WXYZ and hit each of those bases with pin-point accuracy. C’mon, it is very cheap to end that scripted “war”. They are just prolonging that to justify a substantial budget for the military and intelligence.

    • I don’t prescribe to cut and paste solution. I don’t like the word COPY either. People don’t think! This is what worries me for our country.

  3. It lasted 40+years the war because ceasefire then peacetalk then ceasefire again,also corruption money with this war military and politicians.The only way to end this is an allout war until its done and no more ceasefire,then abolish autonomous region only one authority.Murad and Igbal will run back to their native country Malaysia.Clean up the DND mafia syndicate headed by Godfather Gazmin so military will have better equipment and food for the troops in the field instead of sardinas.

  4. chthonic monster on

    the only progress that is non debatable is the kind of high powered firearms/war materiel that the milf/mnlf/biff and all the rest of the savage barbarians flaunt! take a good look what they have, they are the latest available in the arms market! they have the money to buy arms and yet they want us to pay from our hard earned taxes PhP 70 Bn +++ ! well F*** a duck sinisuwerte naman ‘tong mga ‘tanginang mga ‘to pwe hindi nga nag babayad ng buwis ang mga hinayupak na mga ‘to!

    • I agree that the MILF/BIFF/MNLF have all the sophisticated firearms. Calling each other barbarians will not solve the problem. These are not just funded by themselves but also from outside sources. I will not name any particular countries but I will say that they’re enemies of our country who clearly will benefit if our country breaks up or will not prosper. There is no alternate to this issue but peace. Fighting between Filipinos cost many lives and properties. As a result there is lack of development on areas where fighting is taking place. Who would stay and risks their lives? Most residents of Mindanao have moved to other places including to Manila because of fighting. We need to look at the history here. People from Mindanao felt that they were rob of their resources including lands when people of the North migrated to their ancestor lands. They’re Filipinos too who rebelled against the unfairness of the leaders of the past. I was born in Cotabato City to Christian parents and have siblings who are muslims. We respect each other religion. We are where we are so we need to look at the provision of BBL and see what our brothers and sisters can have to have long lasting peace. We’ve seen the useless fighting of the past, present and even future conflict. Indeed it is costing all of us not just the money but more importantly peace and prosperity. My one cent of thought.

  5. Kapayapaan at progress ang gusto ng lahat na Pilipino pero hindi natin nakakamit kasi merong invisible hand na sadyang nanggugulo, which is Malaysia. Ang Malaysia po ay matagal (simula pa panahon ni Sen Ninoy Aquino in 1968) nang nakikipagsabwatan sa Aquino Network sa panggugulo sa Pilipinas para tayo ay maging mahinang bansa at mapanatili ng Malaysia ang kanyang pag-land-grab sa ating teritoryong Sabah.

    Etong mga gulo na dinanas po ng bansa natin ay nakita na po namin na Malaysia po ang invisible hand. Maraming gulo ang Malaysia na ininject dito sa Pilipinas, katulad ng (1) Mindanao secession, (2) Muslim and Communist insurgency, (3) various forms of periodic terrorisms such as the Abu Sayaff, Jamiah Islamiah, Islamic State militants, (4) sex escort and massage cum blackmail operation, (5) influencing the PH mass media via advertising patronage, (6) influencing the PH politicians via infusion of unrecorded campaign funds, (7) economic sabotage such as investment pyramiding schemes like the Manuel Amalilio Aman Futures Scam, and steal-PH-investor tactics such as the Aegis Advertisement anomaly, (8) endless attempts to factionalize the MNLF.

    Ang shadow troublemaking army ng Malaysia ay Moro islamic Liberation Front (MILF), Aby Sayyaf Group (ASG), Jamiah Islamiah (JI), Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF Mama group), and Communist Party of the Philippines – New People’s Army (CPP-NPA).

    Si Ninoy ang nagpasimula ng MIM-MNLF ni Nur Misuari and CPP-NPA ni Joma Sison. Kinausap ni Misuari at Joma in 1968 to start rebellion against Marcos. Pareho yan si Misuari and Joma members ng Makabayan ng UP Diliman in 1968. Ninoy’s moves as agent provocateur was funded by Malaysia. pareho ang MNLF and NPA ay Malaysia’n troublemaking arm sa Pilipinas. Kami MNLF kumalas na sa Malaysian ring in 1976. Malaysia funded MNLF from 1969-1976, until Nur Misuari realized he is being duped by Malaysia on the Sabah claim.

    CPP-NPA was established in 28 March 1968, the evening after Ninoy delivered the Jabidah Massacre speech in senate. The establishment of CPP NPA was masterminded by Ninoy, funded by Malaysia, and operated by Joma. It may seem a cause-oriented group at the lower level, but the higher-up decision makers are serving only Malaysian interest of sustaining trouble in PH, make PH waste its resources, make PH weak to the point that we can no longer reclaim Sabah that Malaysia stole from us. Both the Muslim and Communist insurgencies in PH are Malaysian operated. These Malaysian sabotage in Philippine politics, police, military, religion, media, peace process, economics, history, and even in education are all rooted in their insecurity of Sabah — they make us weak because they are afraid we will recover Sabah when we become a strong and developed nation.

    U.S.A. and China are friendly parties to PH. Diversionary tactics yan ng Malaysia na binibilog utak natin sa idea na masama daw ang U.S. and China para hindi sila (Malaysia) ang mapansin natin sa pangangamkam nila sa Sabah at panggugulo nila sa PH gamit ang mga terrorists na MILF and NPA.

    We have identified the mindsets below that you can commonly notice among MILF that originated from Malaysia. These are injections of Malaysia into the mind of vulnerable Filipinos to create conflict among FIlipinos.
    1. Moros NOT Filipinos.
    2. Muslims vs Christians.
    3. Moros are Muslims and Moros shall not kill Malaysians because Muslim does not kill Muslim.
    4. Islamophobia and Christianophobia.
    5. Mindanao belongs to Muslims.
    6. Mindanao and Sabah should join its Muslim brothers to be part of Malaysia.
    7. Muslims are first inhabitants of Philippines (the Balik Islam Indoctrination module)
    8. Philippine Government cannot be trusted.

    Maraming ginamit ang Malaysia, at kung mag sisihan tayo ay talagang magpatayan lang tayo dito sa loob ng Pilipinas, at Malaysia ang mananalo. So, ang ang dapat gawin natin bilang isang bansa ay (1) accept the truth, (2) internal correction by voluntary repentance, (3) unify and consolidate our anger to Malaysia, (4) cull out the unrepenting personalities, (5) make use of people who have institutional knowledge about this warfare against Malaysia so we can consolidate our effort to recover Sabah.

    Mag unite as Filipinos. Mag unite tayo mga Pilipino to fight against our national enemy, Malaysia.

    • Bobi has admitted tsaynah funding for the CPP and you are also admitting now to KL funding of Ms. Wary? At least, Ms. Wary has realized the folly of his adventures but it seemed that Mr. Marcos beat him to this realization with the all-out war against the MNLF that made him scampering to the Middle East in the late70s. But his repentance will be better appreciated when MNLF forces would be available and muster their guerilla experiences when certain acts will be pursued to correct a historical error.

      But Seńor, there is a time for everything. At the moment, let the collective anger of the people against simyon’s treasonous acts with his cabal of Ferrer and Deles which Frank and Sonny may try to legitimize in the coming congressional sessions continue to mount until such time that the Military may come in as the people’s Protector. Any act that shall complement legal moves to reacquire our territory hinges on substantial availability of naval and air assets which we lack presently. We just hope that the newMNLF will be a partner and a component when a correction to a historical aberration begins.

  6. This has been released only for propaganda purposes, in order to justify the hundreds of billions that the administration plans to spend for BBL. However, it still doesn’t make BBL a good peace agreement. After all, Miriam Ferrer herself admitted that “BBL does not equate to peace”.

  7. It is not peace the Muslims want, rather they want an independent state. The treacherous BBL is their way to accumulate funds for their armaments to use against the AFP. Think deeper into their declaration that war will erupt if their BBL is not passed, can we allow ourselves held hostage in our own home because they want part of our property?

  8. Dominador D. Canastra on

    But why are the pro-BBL passage people–including congressmen and senators, nuns and priests and bishops, and community leaders just say8ing”Pass the BBL for Peace” when in fact the one submitted to Congress by President Aquino personally, which was written by the MILF, contains anti-Philippine sovereignty, unconstitutional and illegal provisions? Do they mean to just pass this version as it is so Murad, Jaafar, Iqbal and their rebel separatist armies funded and armed by Malaysia?

    • Those Pro BBL from Manila doesn’t care to what will happened to other stake holders in Mindanao who are not part of the BBL primarily because they are living a life of peace in Manila. For those Pro BBL in Mindanao especially the Governors who are receiving Billions of Pessos from Aquino will fight to remain as what they are and they are after another 75 Billions of pesos once this Treacherous BBL be approved. The more money they received the more their privat army goes stronger.

    • Bangsa Moro means -Republic of Moro-Malaysia National Liberation Front. MNLF – Malaysian soldier can come to Mindanao anytime without
      Visa using the backdoor and Indonesian could come anytime without any papers. The Philippine Government will not aware the incoming terrorist from muslim country without obstacle if the BBL is approve.The
      Philippine Government should study hard how to eliminate this bad muslim by using the Mercenary Soldier to avoid the soldier and civilian calamities.

  9. OPAPPs Propaganda to force the people believe that the Treacherous BBL must be passed or Count Body Bags as what our Traitor Leader has said.

  10. Jaime Dela Cruz on

    The war in Mindanao lasted this long because of politics. Had it been a true conventional war, it should have ended even during the Marcos administration.
    The cost to the Philippines of the peace agreement will be untold but certainly much much more than the P2.013 trillion the war is estimated to have cost. We will lose sovereignty over the whole of Mindanao and any claim to its people and natural resources. In short we will lose a third of our country. It is noticeable in this article that the clashes are always started by an offshoot of the Muslim group the government has negotiated peace with. If the negotiating group cannot even control their own people to maintain peace, why have an accord? Clearly there is work neede to be done to keep peace but to give away Mindanao is not it.

  11. Peace is always the goal of every country but must the government just accept any agreement which in the first place, unconstitutional? And how sure is the negotiators in the government side that there will be lasting peace when the revolutionaries does not speak as a single group? Shall the government deal with them separately? What is the point in the peace agreement when the government will get rid of a perceived monster like the ARMM with a bigger monster as the MILF BBL?

  12. Don’t forget the recent fighting when the MNLF troops attacked — ginaya si Commander Kato. MNLF nag-barumbado dahil sina Iqbal, Murad / Deles, Ferrer lang ang nag-uusapan at hindi nakasali ang mga MNLF.