BALANGA City, Bataan: When the highest American officer of the Bataan force of the United States Armed Forces in the Far East [USAFFE] decided to give up their fight in the peninsula, surrender talks on April 9, 1942 were made between American and Japanese officers.
This historic event was captured in a monument constructed at the exact site of the surrender negotiation at the back of Balanga Elementary School that was used as garrison and command post of the Japanese Imperial Army.
The monument shows almost life-size figures of four American officers led by Maj. Gen. Edward King, USAFFE commander in Bataan, and two Japanese officers led by Col. Motoo Nakayama, senior operating officer of Lt. Gen. Masaharu Homma.
Records show that with the fall of Bataan, some 74,800 Filipino and 10,500 American defenders became Prisoners of War (POW) and were ordered to march to San Fernando in Pampanga and were later jammed into trains to Capas, Tarlac.
Adjacent to the Surrender Site Monument is the Bataan World War II Museum.
It was reported that during the construction of the museum many skeletons were dug up, believed to be the remains of Filipino and American defenders.