BRUSSELS: The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) said on Wednesday (Thursday in Manila) it had tracked and intercepted four groups of Russian warplanes “conducting significant military maneuvers” in European airspace over the past two days.
“These sizeable Russian flights represent an unusual level of air activity over European airspace,” NATO said.
The planes, which included strategic bombers, fighters and tanker aircraft, were detected over the Baltic Sea, North Sea/Atlantic Ocean and the Black Sea on Tuesday and Wednesday (Wednesday and Thursday), it said.
NATO allies sent up aircraft to intercept and identify the Russian planes which were continually tracked on the ground as well, it said in a report from its SHAPE military headquarters in Mons, western Belgium.
The report made no mention of the Ukraine crisis nor linked the increased activity to it.
However, Russia’s intervention in Ukraine, which NATO has said constitutes the most serious threat to US-Europe security since the Cold War, has sent tensions soaring.
NATO’s eastern members, many of them such as Poland and the Baltic states once ruled from Moscow, have been particularly nervous and the US-led alliance has put in place additional aircraft and personnel on a rotating basis to reassure them.
At a summit last month, the 28 NATO leaders agreed the alliance would have to step up its readiness levels in response.
Russia’s intervention and the speed with which it was able to bring military pressure to bear on Kiev in support of pro-Moscow rebels in the east surprised many and badly rattled countries on NATO’s eastern flank.
Sharp increase in NATO intercepts
In a breakdown of the incidents, NATO said that in the early hours on Wednesday, eight Russian aircraft—four TU-95 strategic bombers, capable of carrying nuclear weapons, and four tankers— were detected over the North Sea, flying in international airspace.
Four Norwegian F-16 fighters were sent up to intercept them.
Six of the aircraft then turned back towards Russia while two TU-95s continued over the North Sea, with British Typhoon fighters called in.
The two planes then flew down into the Atlantic, where Portuguese F-16s picked them up.
The two bombers subsequently turned around, flying west of Britain, apparently heading back to Russia, it said.
Meanwhile, on Wednesday afternoon, a mixed force of at least seven Russian warplanes were intercepted over the Baltic Sea, while another two TU-95s and two Su-27 Flanker fighters were intercepted by Turkish fighters over the Black Sea.
On Tuesday, another seven Russian planes flew over the Gulf of Finland and Baltic Sea where they were intercepted by German Typhoon fighters, deployed as part of NATO’s support efforts for its eastern allies.
In this case, the Russian aircraft had filed a flight plan with air traffic control authorities, were using transponders, but did not maintain radio contact with civilian air traffic control.
Unannounced flights “pose a potential risk to civil aviation [as]civilian air traffic control cannot detect these aircraft nor ensure there is no interference with civilian air traffic,” it said.
NATO said there had been more than 100 intercepts of Russian aircraft in 2014 to date, about three times more than in 2013.
“Scrambles and intercepts are standard procedure when an unknown aircraft approaches NATO airspace,” it said.