The new ball flight laws


It is imperative for all golfers to learn about the new ball flight laws. The new ball flight laws have taken place due to the fact that equipment technology has intensely developed. Golf balls go farther and golf clubs hit farther. Just to make this topic more understandable, I will not mention too many numbers except for the necessary information relevant to our topic.

Tiger Woods of the United States catches a golf ball AFP PHOTO

The old ball flight laws, based on a right-hand club, say that the initial direction of the ball flight is dependent on the swing path. Ball flight starts left if the swing path is from outside-to-inside. The ball starts straight when swing path comes from inside-to straight-inside. And the ball starts to the right when the swing path passes from inside-to-outside. When the three different swing paths are combined with the three clubface positions, such as close, square and open, the three swing paths, multiplied by the three clubface positions, will equal to nine basic ball flights.

If the swing path passes from inside-to straight-inside, with a square clubface, it is said to create a straight ball flight. With the clubface closed, it will start straight with a slight curve to the left (straight draw). When clubface opens, it starts straight with a slight curve to the right (straight fade).

With an outside-to-inside swing path, when clubface is square, it goes straight left (pull). When clubface is closed, it starts left and curves more to the left (pull draw). When clubface opens, it starts to the left, curves to the right and ends at the target (pull fade).


A swing path that starts from inside-to-outside, with the clubface square, produces a straight right ball flight (push). With a closed clubface, it starts right, curves to the left and ends at target (push draw). When clubface is open, it also starts right and curves more to the right (push fade).

The other two addition ball flights, a hook and a slice, are just the exaggerated versions of a push draw and a pull fade, consecutively. These make it a total of eleven ball flights.

The New Ball Flight Laws are actually simpler. The initial direction of the ball flight is in exact proportion to where the clubface points or faces. The effect of the clubface angle is 85% dominant. 15% is only relative to the swing path.

Therefore, if and when the swing path is correct (inside-to straight-inside), accompanied by a squared clubface, it will produce a straight shot. To generate a draw, the swing path must have a greater angle to the right, than where the clubface points. As an example, if the swing path is 10 degrees to the right of the ball-to-target-line, the clubface must point only 5 degrees to the right of the ball-to-target-line. A fade therefore, will be the exact opposite of a draw.

As a golf coach, I have applied the old ball flight laws for quite a long duration, just like so many other instructors, coaches and top players around the world. Because of what technology has done, the ball flight laws had to be re-written.

To conclude, hold or grip the club correctly to accomplish a squared or neutral position of the clubface to your intended target, at address position and upon impact. The recommended inside-to straight-inside swing path must come with this. Theoretically, these combinations will produce a straight ball flight. The straighter the flight, the more predictable it will be.


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