In 2011, a P50-billion, five-year housing program for informal settler families in danger areas in Metro Manila was approved by President Benigno Aquino 3rd to relocate the 104,000 ISFs living along major waterways and other danger areas in Metro Manila.
The main implementors of the program are the National Housing Authority (NHA) and Social Housing Finance Corporation (SHFC). As of October 2014, the NHA had completed the construction of 52,391 housing units.
Meanwhile, land acquired by community associations or by SHFC through its High Density Housing Program will benefit a total of 12,914 ISFs.
Vice President Jejomar Binay believes that local governments are the nation’s engine of growth. During his trips to the provinces, he always urges local leaders to complete their housing requirements that spur exponential growth.
Under the Regional Resettlement Program for local government units (LGUs), NHA extends assistance to LGUs in the development of resettlement sites in their respective localities. The LGUs provide land while the NHA provides funds amounting from P12 million to P24 million per project to cover the cost of land development and housing. The LGUs recover project cost from beneficiaries and utilize proceeds either for project maintenance or for development of new resettlement sites.
From January to October 2014, NHA assisted 164 LGUs in the development of resettlement sites consisting of 8,564 units.
Community Mortgage Program
In line with the goal of expanding the coverage of the Community Mortgage Program (CMP) to other urban areas, a total of 122 projects benefiting 11,508 ISFs were implemented in 2014–3,832 in Metro Manila and 7,676 ISF-beneficiaries in other provinces/cities. This accomplishment is 82.20 percent of SHFC’s target of 14,000 ISFs in 2014.
Recognizing the need to ensure that CMP projects are located in safe sites, the SHFC Board has directed the management to use geo-hazard maps in determining whether the proposed housing site is prone to flooding, liquefaction, earthquake and storm surge and secure a certification from the LGUs that the site is suitable for housing.
As a direct response to policies spelled out under the Climate Change Act of 2009, the Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board (HLURB) entered into an agreement with German experts to systematically integrate the concept of climate change in various phases of policy and strategy formulation, as well as development planning. The agreement involves the integration of climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction planning instruments into the Comprehensive Land Use Plans (CLUPs) of local governments.
The HLURB also entered into another partnership agreement with the United Nations Development Project (UNDP)-Climate Change Commission for the development of the Supplemental Guidelines on Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk reduction (CCA/DRR) in the CLUPs. These guidelines provide a detailed analysis for risk assessment and vulnerability and capacity assessment.
Local Shelter Plan
Given the challenges faced by local governments to achieve risk resilience and manage rapid urbanization particularly in the area of shelter delivery, HUDCC, in partnership with UN-Habitat, pursued the development of the revised Local Shelter Planning Manual through the Achieving Sustainable Urban Development (ASUD) project. The revised manual would enable the LGUs to keep up with new and emerging methodologies in housing. This manual aims to provide a step-by-step process to formulate a shelter plan that will address housing problems in the locality, enable the LGUs to plan and implement their specific mandates based on the Urban Development and Housing Act of 1992 (UDHA), facilitate the linkage and coherence between the LGU’s shelter plan and its CLUP and Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP); and ensure that the LGUs’ shelter strategies and implementation plan would integrate and promote actions that address disaster risk and climate change resilience.
The HUDCC approved a resolution to extend technical assistance to the LGUs along the 18 major river basins to enable them to pursue and formulate their respective local shelter plans, with a better understanding of disaster risk mitigation and climate change proofing. With updated land use and shelter plans, the local governments are in a better position to determine and offer to developers the areas where housing projects should be established.
(To be continued)