North Korea parliament elections slated March 9

South Korean conservative activists denounced in effigies North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un (right) during an anti-North Korea rally marking the birthday of Kim in Seoul on Wednesday. AFP PHOTO

South Korean conservative activists denounced in effigies North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un (right) during an anti-North Korea rally marking the birthday of Kim in Seoul on Wednesday. AFP PHOTO

SEOUL: North Korea announced on Wednesday elections to its rubber-stamp parliament in March, the first under leader Kim Jong-Un as he seeks to cement his grip on power after purging his uncle.

The presidium of the Supreme People’s Assembly (SPA) decided the election—held every five years—would take place on March 9, the North’s official KCNA news agency said.

It comes at a time of heightened speculation over the stability of Kim’s regime and growing concern over the North’s nuclear weapons program.

The last parliamentary vote—a highly staged process with only one approved candidate standing for each of the 687 districts—was held in 2009 under the leadership of Kim’s father, Kim Jong-Il.

Kim succeeded his father in December 2011, and the March election will be closely watched for any further revelations on the changing power structure in Pyongyang.

He has already overseen sweeping changes within the North’s ruling elite—the most dramatic example being the execution of his powerful uncle and political mentor Jang Song-Thaek last month on charges of treason and corruption.

In his New Year message last week, Kim said the country had been strengthened by the removal of “factionalist scum.”

Since Jang’s execution, the North has recalled and purged a number of diplomats and officials working overseas, according to Seoul’s top official for North Korea affairs.

Jang, like many top North Korean officials was a member of the SPA, and the March vote will provide an opportunity to see if any senior figures are removed from the candidates’ list.

“It will also be interesting to see who the new faces are, as some of them may be tagged for a key role under Kim Jong-Un,” said Kim Yeon-Chul, a professor at Inje University’s Unification Department.

Cheong Seong-Chang of the Sejong Institute think-tank in Seoul said the election could herald a “generational change” under Kim Jong-Un.

The announcement of the vote coincided with the young leader’s birthday on Wednesday. His precise age is a matter of some speculation because of confusion about the year of his birth, with various reports that it was 1982, 1983 or 1984.

Kim might well be among the parliamentary candidates if he chooses to follow his father’s example of standing in the election.

The official turnout in 2009 was put at 99.98 percent of registered voters, with 100 percent voting for the approved candidate in each seat.

The rubber-stamp parliament is usually called into session twice a year for a day or two to pass government budgets and approve personal changes.

The last session in April 2013 saw the appointment of a new prime minister, Pak Pong-Ju—seen by some as an economic reformer.

It also adopted a special ordinance formalizing the country’s position as a nuclear weapons state—a status that both South Korea and the United States have vowed not to recognize.

“We will not accept North Korea as a nuclear state,” US Secretary of State John Kerry reiterated Tuesday at a joint press conference in Washington with his South Korean counterpart Yun Byung-Se.

The United States and South Korea have both rejected overtures from the North about resuming six-party talks on its nuclear program, insisting that

In the meantime, the only tangible US contact with the North is in the unlikely form of former NBA star Dennis Rodman who is in Pyongyang for a basketball match he arranged to mark Kim’s birthday.

Rodman has been accused at home of pandering to North Korea which last April sentenced American missionary Kenneth Bae to 15 years hard labor on charges of plotting to overthrow the regime.



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