WASHINGTON, D.C.: A watchdog panel concluded on Thursday (Friday in Manila) that bulk data collection by the United States (US) is illegal and should be stopped, prompting praise from intelligence leaker Ed- ward Snowden.
But the fugitive said in an Internet chat that he has no plans to return home because he would not get a fair trial.
The 30-year-old former gov–ernment contractor is wanted by Washington on espionage charges for leaking classified documents from the National Security Agency (NSA) and exposing the vast scope of US surveillance.
US Atty. General Eric Holder, meanwhile, said he was not prepared to talk about clemency.
American authorities “would engage in conversation” if Snowden accepted responsibility for leaking government secrets but granting clemency “would be going too far,” Holder told MSNBC television.
A report released by the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board concluded the NSA’s huge phone metadata program is illegal in several ways, and provides little or no value to the fight against terrorism.
The 238-page report said the program “has shown minimal value in safeguarding the nation from terrorism.”
And the panel said the program is not authorized by the Patriot Act, the law passed following the attacks of September 11, 2001.
It said it violates constitutional guarantees of free speech and protection against unreasonable searches, and also fails to comply with a federal privacy law.
Moreover, it said the program threatens to have “debilitating consequences for journalism” because “sources in a position to offer crucial information about newsworthy topics may remain silent out of fear that their telephone records could be used to trace their contacts.”
The report also said the NSA stretches the interpretation of what may be “relevant” to a terrorism investigation.
The board, which was set up to create safeguards for privacy and civil liberties for stepped-up anti-terrorism efforts, rejected the notion the NSA program could have prevented the 9/11 attacks.
“The program supplied no advance notice of attempted attacks on the New York City subway, the failed Christmas Day airliner bombing, or the failed Times Square car bombing,” the report said.
But the five-member panel, which began work in 2012, years after Congress called for its creation, was split in its conclusions. Two members said they disagreed with key conclusions on the NSA program’s legality and effectiveness.
White House spokesman Jay Carney said the administration sees the program as “lawful,” but that President Barack Obama has already outlined reforms.
Civil liberties groups, mean–while, hailed the report.
Jameel Jaffer of the American Civil Liberties Union said the panel correctly concluded that the NSA’s call-records dragnet “is illegal and ineffective and presents a serious threat to civil liberties.”