UNEMPLOYMENT in the country worsened this year with 2 million more unemployed Filipinos, a data released by the National Statistics Office (NSO) said on Friday.
In their 2013 Annual Labor and Employment estimates—combining the quarterly Labor Force Surveys (LFS) in January, April and July—the NSO said that the unemployment rate of the country increased by 0.3 percent from 7 percent in 2012 to 7.3 percent, amounting to 2 million persons without work.
Employment rate on the other hand decreased as well from 93 percent in 2012 to 92.7 percent this year, while underemployment rate also declined by 0.2 percent to 19.8 percent compared to last year’s 20 percent.
The NSO said that services sector remain the segment with largest proportion of employed persons with 53.4 percent share, compared to the 30.9 percent share of agricultural sector and 15.7 percent of the industry sector.
“Those engaged in the wholesale and retail trade or in the repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles accounted for 34.8 percent of the total employed in this sector or 18.6 percent of the total employed,” NSO Administrator Carmelita Ericta added.
The NSO administrator also said that in terms of occupation, labor workers take up the largest share of the country’s employed with 32.6 percent share, while government officials, executives, managers and supervisors accounted for the 16.2 percent of the employed.
Farmers and fishermen on the other hand occupied 13 percent share of the total employed, while service and shop and market sales workers accounted for12.3 percent.
Full time workers, or those working 40 hours or more a week, was estimated at 24.5 million or 64.5 percent of the total working population, while part-time workers—those who work less than 40 hours a week—accounted for 13.1 million or 34.4 percent of the total employed.
In terms of classes of workers, Ericta said that wage and salary workers mostly comprised of the employed with 58.6 percent to 22.3 million of the total workers.
Following the wage and salary workers were self-employed persons without paid employees at 27.9 percent, and unpaid family workers—or family workers not paid in working at family businesses—at 10.1 percent. KRISTYN NIKA M. LAZO