WARSAW: US President Barack Obama insisted Friday (Saturday in Manila) Brexit would not harm transatlantic unity, but warned against a bitter divorce undermining security in the face of a resurgent Russia.
Britain’s decision to leave the European Union dominated Obama’s final NATO meeting before he leaves office, which comes at what he called the most critical time for the military alliance since the Cold War.
Russia was meant to be the focus of the two-day meeting, with NATO endorsing its biggest revamp in 15 years in response to Moscow’s 2014 intervention in Ukraine.
Obama used the Warsaw meeting to tell key US allies Brussels and London to resolve their differences amicably.
While Brexit had “created uncertainty” about European integration, the president said fears that it could destabilize the relationship between Europe and the United States were exaggerated.
“No one has an interest in protracted, adversarial negotiations,” said Obama, who warned ahead of the vote that a non-EU Britain would be at the “back of the queue” for trade deals.
“This kind of hyperbole is misplaced,” he added, after meeting European Council head Donald Tusk and European Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker.
On June 23, the British public shocked the world by voting to leave the 28-member bloc in a public referendum, sending financial markets into tailspin and plunging the country into political crisis.
The US president told the Financial Times he was “confident” Britain and the EU could make an “orderly transition to a new relationship”. Britain would “continue to be a major contributor to European security”, he predicted.
The White House later announced Obama would cut his trip short by one day to visit Dallas, where a black army veteran killed five white police officers on Thursday in a racially fuelled shooting rampage.
Britain committed to NATO
British Prime Minister David Cameron—who was also at his last NATO summit since resigning after the Brexit vote—insisted Britain would not play a “lesser role in the world.”
“We are not turning our back on NATO,” said Cameron, whose nuclear-armed nation is one of Europe’s biggest contributors to the alliance.
NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg added that Brexit “will not change UK’s leading position in NATO.”
The summit is being held symbolically in the birthplace of the Soviet-era Warsaw Pact and leaders dined on Friday night in the ballroom where the pact was signed in 1955.
Its centerpiece is a “Readiness Action Plan” to bolster NATO’s nervous eastern flank in the face of a Russia, which the allies see as increasingly aggressive and unpredictable.
NATO leaders approved four rotating battalions in Poland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, up to 4,000 troops in all, as a collective tripwire against fresh Russian adventurism in its old stomping ground.
Obama said 1,000 US troops would be stationed in Poland and Britain said it would deploy 650 troops, most of them in Estonia.
The plan also included a pledge to spend two percent of annual economic output on defense, ending years of cuts, and the creation of a 5,000-strong “Spearhead” force ready to deploy within days.