IN computing, having cache memory allows the computer’s microprocessor to access more quickly than using the regular RAM (random access memory).
Essentially, the cache memory shortens data access times, reduce latency and improve input/output (I/O), ultimately resulting in improved application performance.
Immigrants present in the United States–-legal or illegal-–provide the cash or funds infusion to America’s coffers, specifically the Social Security Trust Funds from which nearly 61 million Americans will receive approximately $918 billion in Social Security benefits this year.
The Office of the Chief Actuary of the Social Security Administration in Baltimore, Maryland reported in April 2013 that unauthorized immigrants worked and contributed as much as $13 billion in payroll taxes to the OASDI program in 2010.
The Chief Actuary concluded that the “earnings by unauthorized immigrants (then estimated at about 8 to 9 million) result in a net positive effect on Social Security financial status generally, and that this effect contributed roughly $12 billion to the cash flow of the program for 2010.”
Legal immigrants–including an average of 50 to 60,000 from the Philippines in various family and employment-based categories–being part of the aboveground economy and paying the required taxes, contribute considerably more to the Social Security funds, enabling nearly 61 million Americans to receive approximately $918 billion in Social Security benefits for 2016.
Legal immigrants provide the cash and cache to keep Americans–old and young– to continue getting their Social Security benefits.
The US Bureau of Census’ American Community Survey shows that “immigrants were over-represented among the working-age population. In 2010, the foreign- born in the United States made up 13 percent of the US population but 17 percent among the working-age population (ages 18 to 54). Immigrants’ share of California’s working-age population was twice as high as the national level (35 percent vs 17 percent, respectively). It was also high (one-quarter or more) in New Jersey, New York, Nevada and Florida. At the other end of the spectrum were West Virginia, Montana and Mississippi. In these states, immigrants accounted for less than 3 percent of the working-age population.”
The statistical profile from the Commission on Filipinos Overseas (CFO) indicates that more than 69 percent of Filipinos migrating were in the working age groups. Of these numbers, approximately 14 percent were professionals, managers, executive/administrative officers and technical staff whose main reason for leaving the Philippines was that they wanted to be treated fairly and compensated accordingly.
Service and other workers leave for overseas jobs because they get paid better, and OFWs would rather face potential threats from war, disease and conflicts abroad than assured poverty and non-existent opportunities at home.
These sectors of Overseas Filipinos feel they are treated like trash.
In stark contrast, countries with permanent migration programs attract the skilled workers, professionals offering them permanent residency and income commensurate to their qualifications, training and experience, instead of based on political connections.
Australia has a list of occupations in demand and applicants who can meet the eligibility requirements are rewarded with permanent resident status for the principal applicant and family members. In addition to the nationwide listing (Skilled Occupations List, SOL on the federal level) each state and territory has its own set of shortage occupations compiled into what is known as the Consolidated Skilled Occupations List (CSOL).
For access to the updated SOL, this is the link – https://www.border.gov.au/Trav/Work/Work/Skills-assessment-and-assessing-authorities/skilled-occupations-lists/SOL
Filipino applicants with relatives or friends in any State or Territory of Australia who are willing and able to help them find employers, migrate and settle, the links to each of the state or territory can be accessed here – https://www.visacenter.org/page/715/which-australian-state-or-territory-wants-you—updated
Canada–the more welcoming North America
The election of billionaire-businessman, celebrity host Donald Trump has upended the prognosis and expectation of the American electorate (not the Electoral College) and caused world leaders to review their non-diplomatic protocols on how to take the call of the President-elect.
Mr. Trump recently called the president of Taiwan unmindful of what the People’s Republic of China might say or do. As in the show he starred in (now taken over by the former California governor, “Governator” Arnold Swarznegger) “The Apprentice,” Mr. Trump seems to have admonished China – “You’re fired!”
The United States is now seen as a country that would be less welcoming of immigrants. Mr. Trump is said to be eyeing the reduction of the number of legal immigrants that the US accepts every year, from one million to the former cap of 400,000. If that happens, then the long line of immigrants in the family- and employment-based categories will be longer.
Canada on the other hand has announced its intention to increase the number of permanent residents the country will accept next year–300,000. The Immigration Minister of Canada also recently went on a tour promoting immigration to Atlantic Canada.
For the outlook of occupations that Canada will need in the years ahead, readers may check this link for the Labor Outlook report by the Canadian government- http://occupations.esdc.gc.ca/sppc-cops/w.2lc.4m.2@-eng.jsp
To search for prospects of employment for a specific occupation, you must click on the “NOC Title” then select your occupation from the drop-down menu.
For example, a search for “College and other vocational instructors (4021)” generated this result:
Shortage: This occupational group is expected to face labor shortage conditions over the period of 2015-2024 at the national level. The section below contains more detailed information regarding the outlook for this occupational group.
Skill Type – Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services
Skill Level- Occupations usually require university education.
Employment in 2014 – 112,300
Median age of workers in 2014 – 46.1 years old
Estimated median age of retirement in 2014 – 62 years old
In order to determine the expected outlook of an occupation, the magnitude of the difference between the projected total numbers of new job seekers and job openings over the whole projection period (2015-2024) is analyzed in conjunction with an assessment of labor market conditions in recent years. The intention is to determine if recent labor market conditions (surplus, balance or shortage) are expected to persist or change over the period 2015-2024.
For instance, if the analysis of key labor market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was insufficient to fill the job openings (a shortage of workers) in an occupational group in recent years, the projections are used to assess if this situation will continue over the projection period or if the occupation will move towards balanced conditions.
The analysis of key labor market indicators such as employment and wage growth as well as the unemployment rate suggests that the number of job seekers was sufficient to fill the job openings in this occupational group over the 2012-2014 periods.
For college and other vocational instructors, over the period 2015-2024, new job openings (arising from expansion demand and replacement demand) are expected to total 57,100, while 50,900 new job seekers (arising from school leavers, immigration and mobility) are expected to be available to fill them.
Although this occupational group has had balanced market in recent years, projected job openings are expected to be substantially higher to job seekers, creating a shortage of workers over the 2015-2024 period. A more detailed analysis of the outlook of this occupation will be released in the coming weeks.
For our OFWs, including recent graduates and those whose careers seem to have reached the glass ceiling, Australia, Canada and New Zealand offer alternatives.
Goodbye for now, we hate to see you go, but have a good life. We know you are coming back. While in the country of migration destination serving as the cache for Social Security benefits, your remittances will also help the Philippines—and kababayans—survive.