NEW DELHI: Hardline nationalist opposition leader Narendra Modi and his allies were forecast to win an overall majority in India’s elections in a poll on Tuesday, dealing another blow to the beleaguered ruling Congress party.
Eight days on from the start of the world’s biggest election, the survey for the NDTV network predicted for the first time that Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) will not have to seek new partners in order to govern, giving it more freedom to implement its Hindu nationalist agenda.
The poll also forecast that Congress, which has governed India for most of the post-independence era, would hit an all-time low in results on May 16, highlighting the damage wrought by allegations of a split leadership.
Two books released this week have portrayed outgoing Prime Minister Manmohan Singh as a weak leader who struggled to control his cabinet over the last decade while party president Sonia Gandhi called the shots.
With Congress in disarray, NDTV forecast that the BJP-led opposition alliance would win 275 seats in the 543-seat Lok Sabha, 16 more than predicted in the last survey a month ago.
The BJP on its own would win 226 seats but it would avoid the need to find new coalition partners as its existing allies would push it over the 50 percent threshold, the survey said. Congress would see its tally of seats drop to a record low of 92, the same poll projected.
“There are two clear trends in the groundswell, anger against the Congress and the hope in Narendra Modi,” Arun Jaitley, one of the BJP’s senior leaders, said in a blog after the poll’s release.
“My own view is that the actual poll always results in the frontrunner getting more than what is projected,” he added.
All previous polls have forecast that the BJP-led alliance would fall short of a majority, thus forcing it to seek additional partners who would likely want to temper some of the more controversial policy goals.
Amulya Ganguli, a New Delhi-based political commentator, said that Muslims in particular would be alarmed at the prospect of Modi securing a majority given his reputation as a Hindu hardliner.
Unease among Muslims
“If BJP and its allies go on to win some 275 seats, it will create a great deal of uneasiness especially among the Muslims,” he told Agence France-Presse.
The BJP’s manifesto includes a number of commitments that worry Muslims, such as a longstanding demand for the building of a temple to honor the Hindu god Ram on the site of India’s most notorious religious flashpoint.
Modi is still reviled by many Muslims as he was chief minister of Gujarat state in 2002 when at least 1,000 people were killed in religious riots. Most of the victims were Muslims.
Analysts had been predicting that any Hindutva (Hindu nationalist) projects that Modi might seek to project in power would likely be limited by the compulsions of coalition politics.
K. G. Suresh, of the Delhi-based Vivekananda think-tank, said an outright majority would indeed “give the BJP the requisite freedom to pursue and implement most of its agenda.”
However, Suresh said there were signs Modi would hold off from pursuing some of the BJP’s more hardline religious policies.
“If you look at the campaigning, there has been no anti-Muslim tirade barring some poll rhetoric here and there,” he told Agence France-Presse.
“We have seen the Ram temple issue being already diluted in the manifesto. The BJP has virtually put the temple on the back–burner,” he added.
If the BJP-led alliance does fall short of a majority, it is expected to try and strike a deal with the West Bengal-based Trinamool party, which was forecast by NDTV to be the third largest party with 30 seats.
Trinamool’s firebrand leader Mamata Banerjee said on Tuesday the idea of a Modi premiership was “fantasy.”
But in the same interview Banerjee, a former coalition ally of Congress, indicated she was open to offers as long as West Bengal benefited.
“Bengal does not need to go with a begging bowl. We are only asking for what is due to us,” she told the Press Trust of India news agency.
The marathon elections began on April 7 and will wrap up on May 12. Results are expected four days later.