Since the beginning of time, spirits and demons are believed to have roamed the earth. Some are benign, while others are so malignant that they not only influence people’s thoughts and behaviors but, at some point, possess them.
In a country like the Philippines whose history was formed by religious culture and folklore, the belief in the supernatural still persists today.
In fact, demonologists, or those who conduct a systematic study of demons or beliefs about them, claim that the country is host to 16 demons, five of them “new.”
According to a few blogs, including “The Demon Blog” and “Demons A-Z,” the five new demons in the Philippines are named Akop, Angul, Bumadin, Ibwa and Xa-Mul.
They originated from the cities of Dagupan, Legazpi, San Pablo and Angeles.
One thing “good” about them, it was said, is that “they all possibly feed on demon flesh rather than human.”
“Demons and Satanist humans must stay alarmed,” it was warned.
By definition, Akop is said to be an evil entity that prey on widows; Angul kills people with an ax; Bumalin is a god of the underworld; Ibwa feeds on dead humans while Xa-Mul causes pain with his powerful bite.
Besides the five “new” demons, 11 other demons are believed to have originated from the Philippines, namely: Anlabbang, a demonic entity known to cause fights; Apo, who is known to eat the kidneys of people who die specifically of dysentery; Bulanglang; Hukloban, a female entity which destroys structures; Inarxay, known to eat people in the fall months; Kadongayan, a spirit known to prey on the dead; Kakayan, a demonic entity which tempts people to do evil deeds; Kibayen, a murderous spirit which appears during ceremonies; Managamian, another murderous spirit; Mangkukulam, a demonic spirit which burns down structures and causes pain; and Masablay, which attacks in the cold months.
Demonology and folklore
Demonology is defined as the branch of \o “Theology” theology relating to \o “Supernatural” superhuman beings who are not \o “Deity” gods. It deals with benevolent beings that have no circle of worshippers or so limited a circle as to be below the rank of gods, and with malevolent beings of all kinds.
Demons, when regarded as \o “Spirit” spirits, may belong to either of the classes of spirits recognized by primitive \o “Animism” animism, meaning they may be human or non-human, separable souls or discarnate spirits which have never inhabited a body.
On the other hand, an old study by Dr. Damiana Eugenio, a renowned Filipina folklorist, said there is still no universally accepted definition of the word “folklore” but any bit of knowledge handed down from generation to generation, which describes or depicts the beliefs and lifestyle of the ancestors of an ethnic group, is rendered unique to that group, and is respected as folklore.
“Folklore is usually transmitted by word of mouth. Oral traditions are very common among the indigenous tribes still existent in the Philippines. What students of folk literature do, basically, is transcribe and interpret what is related to them by the storytellers of a tribe. The preservation of the knowledge of our elders can be carried out in many ways, and they are not inaccessible to anyone who would seek them,” it was said.
Filipino folklore is divided into five: myths and legends, which are tales involving the gods of old; fables, which are short narratives that revolve around particular moral lessons; tales of the supernatural, which include the belief in dwarves, mermaids, demons and strange beasts; heroic tales, stories of inspiration; and tales of laughter.
All religions share the common belief in good and bad spirits and all share the goal of defeating the latter.
According to some societies, all the affairs of life are supposed to be under the control of spirits, each ruling a certain “\o “Classical element” element” or even object, and themselves in subjection to a greater spirit.
The website, catholicwarfare.com, cited several statements of the Holy Pope that pertains to the threat of “evil.”
“In the inner heart of every person, the voice of God and the insidious voice of the Evil One can be heard. The latter seeks to deceive the human person, seducing him with the prospect of false goods, to lead him away from the real good that consists precisely in fulfilling the divine will,” an entry from the Vatican Archives said.
Another entry noted that “spiritual combat” is “another element of life which needs to be taught anew and proposed once more to all Christians today.”
It also cited several quotes from Pope Benedict XVI and the Blessed Pope John Paul 2nd.
“The more one understands the holiness of God, the more one understands the opposite of what is holy, namely, the deceptive masks of the devil,” Benedict XVI said.
“. . . Every man, over and above his own concupiscence and the bad example of others, is also tempted by the devil, and the more so when he is least aware of it,” Pope John Paul was quoted as saying during the Angelus on February 17, 2002.