PH, US troops take part in joint military drills under shadow of sea dispute

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US Marines aboard their assault amphibious vehicle (AAV) simulate an amphibious landing as part of the annual joint military exercise at the beach of Philippine navy’s training camp in San Antonio, Zambales province northwest of Manila on May 9, 2018.
AFP PHOTO 

SAN ANTONIO, Zambales: US and Philippine troops stormed ashore from the disputed South China Sea on Wednesday for military exercises that President Rodrigo Duterte had promised to scrap.

The number of troops taking part in the drills has increased by a third from 2017 to 8,000, a return to figures seen in years past when the exercises served as a thinly veiled deterrent to a rising China.

The reason for Duterte’s change of heart on the two-week drills codenamed “Balikatan,” or “Shoulder-to-Shoulder,” may be down to what experts see as careful efforts by the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) to restrain its unpredictable president.

“The fact it’s being done under this administration means they (Duterte’s government) now have a better understanding of the security equation,” political analyst Victor Andres Manhit told Agence France-Presse.


Though the bulked-up maneuvers—including a live-fire component that was dropped last year—took place on a naval base just 180 kilometers (110 miles) east of the Filipino-claimed Scarborough Shoal that China has controlled since 2012, the drill’s leaders barely mentioned Beijing.

An US marines assault amphibious vehicle (AAV) takes the lead of Philippine Marines landing ships as they simulate an amphibious landing as part of the annual joint military exercise at the beach of Philippine navy’s training camp in San Antonio, Zambales province northwest of Manila on May 9, 2018.
AFP PHOTO / TED ALJIBE

“We are an island nation. That’s why we need to improve our capabilities on amphibious operations,” Major-General Emmanuel Salamat told reporters.

“We’re not concerned about Scarborough. We’re concerned about what we’re doing here.”

China claims most of the South China Sea, a strategic waterway believed to harbor significant oil and natural gas deposits, but this was ruled illegal in 2016 after Duterte’s predecessor Benigno Aquino 3rd filed a suit before an international maritime court.

Duterte has since reversed course and set the ruling aside, along with long-simmering friction over competing claims to the waters, in order to court Chinese trade and investment.

Philippine Marines take position to simulate with their US counterpart an amphibious landing as part of the annual joint military exercise at the beach of Philippine navy’s training camp in San Antonio, Zambales province northwest of Manila on May 9, 2018.
AFP PHOTO 

He has also cut two major annual naval exercises with the US and last year reduced the Balikatan contingent to 5,400 US and Filipino troops.

The decision came at a low point for US-Philippine relations, when Duterte called the American ambassador to Manila “gay” and served notice that the 2017 edition would “be the last military exercise” with the United States.

US Marine Lt.Col. Daniel Gaskell, who took part in the landing exercise Wednesday, sidestepped media questions on Duterte’s anti-US claims.

“We are welcomed here, walking in the airport, throughout your country, (but also) by the Filipino armed forces who we’ve interacted with,” he said.

“So we’re really happy to be here,” Gaskell added.

The decades-old tradition appeared headed for the history books last year as a newly elected Duterte pivoted toward China—and away from the US, long-time Philippine ally. AFP

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