By Kristyn Nika M. Lazo Researcher
Youth underemployment in the Philippines declined as more young people are working part-time, an International Labor Organization (ILO) survey showed on Thursday.
The survey entitled Global Employment Trends Youth 2013 stated that an “increasing numbers of youth are now turning to available part-time jobs or find themselves stuck in temporary employment.”
The ILO, however, is concerned that “informal employment among young people remains pervasive and transitions to decent work are slow and difficult.”
The survey indicated the rise of youth part-time workers to 32 percent in 2009 from 26.6 percent in 2008.
There was also a decrease in youth unemployment from 18.6 percent in 2008 to 17.3 percent in 2009.
Meanwhile, the latest National Statistics Office (NSO) survey showed that unemployment dropped as the number of work force rose to 35 million in 2009 from 33.5 million in 2008—with a difference of 1.5 million in just a year.
There was a slight increase in employment rate at 92.5 percent in 2009 compared to 92 percent the year before.
The NSO data showed that part-time workers also increased from 12 million in April 2008 to 14.3 million in the same period in 2009. It added that part-time workers comprised 41 percent of the total labor force.
ILO’s definition of youth workers are those who ages range from 15 to 24, while the NSO considers ages 15 and above among the working part of the population.
Both data agreed that a work is considered part-time if a worker only allots less than 40 hours of labor in a week, compared to the 40 hours or more rendered by full time workers.