Pope rallies Colombian leaders, youth for peace


BOGOTA: Pope Francis holds an open-air mass Thursday (Friday in Manila) in Colombia and meets with its Nobel Peace Prize-winning president to cheer the country on its march towards reconciliation after a half-century war.

On the first full day of his four-city tour, the Argentine pontiff, 80, is scheduled to meet with young people and with President Juan Manuel Santos to discuss his aim of sealing a “complete peace.”

Arriving Wednesday at the Vatican mission in Bogota, Francis recited a Hail Mary and a blessing to assembled youths, who responded with a rap and break dancing.

The South American country of 48 million people is cautiously emerging from decades of war in a contested peace process.

Francis called ahead of his trip for a “stable and lasting peace” in Colombia.

“Continue on the path that you have been brave enough to start, which is called heroism,” he told the young people.

“Don’t let yourselves be beaten, don’t let yourselves be fooled. Do not lose joy. Do not lose hope.”

Conflict resolution
Francis’s trip follows the disarmament of Colombia’s biggest rebel group, the FARC, and a ceasefire by the last active guerrilla force, the ELN.

The Colombian conflict erupted in 1964 when those two leftist groups took up arms to fight for rural land rights.

Over the decades it drew in various rebel groups, right-wing paramilitaries and state forces.

The violence has left 260,000 people confirmed dead, 60,000 unaccounted for and seven million displaced.

Peace talks are underway with the ELN, but officials warn that remnants of paramilitaries are still fighting in the jungle for control of the drugs trade.

Despite the pope’s blessing, the peace process has been fraught with division.

Critics of the accord with the FARC say the rebels got off too lightly, with amnesties and alternative sentences.

The FARC has transformed into a political party.

Colombians narrowly rejected the FARC peace deal in a referendum last year.

Francis tried unsuccessfully to mediate between Santos and the lead opponent of the accord, conservative leader Alvaro Uribe.

A reworked version of the accord was later pushed through Congress despite Uribe’s resistance.

Big mass
On Thursday Francis will meet with Santos and Catholic leaders.

He will visit the city’s Cathedral and give a mass to thousands of worshippers in Simon Bolivar Park.

He will then make daily excursions by plane to the cities of Villavicencio, Medellin and Cartagena.

In Villavicencio, he will beatify two Catholic priests killed during the conflict.

He will hold prayers for national reconciliation with victims of violence, former guerrilla members and ex-military fighters.

The pontiff will also meet with orphans in Medellin, considered the cocaine capital of the world during the reign of 1980s drug-kingpin Pablo Escobar.



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