NAHA, Japan: Thousands of demonstrators rallied on the Japanese island of Okinawa on Sunday against the heavy US military presence and violent crimes by American personnel that have angered residents for decades.
Protesters, which organizers expected to number more than 50,000, gathered in the prefectural capital Naha, infuriated with the United States after a former Marine employed as a civilian base worker allegedly raped and murdered a young local woman in April.
The case has intensified longstanding opposition to the bases—a key part of the US-Japan security alliance—on the sub-tropical southern outpost, a popular holiday destination for Japanese and, increasingly, China and other Asian countries.
The demonstration, held at an athletics park under scorching heat with many in attendance shielding themselves under umbrellas, began with a moment of silence for 20-year-old Rina Shimabukuro, the murder victim, and a message from her father.
“Why my daughter, why was she killed,” said the message, read on his behalf. “My thoughts are the same as those of all the bereaved families that have met with suffering up to now.”
Some in the crowd, the size of which could not immediately be confirmed, held signs in Japanese reading, “Our anger is past its limit,” and “Pull out the Marines.”
“I’m filled with sadness and I really don’t want any more victims,” said participant Chihiro Uchimura, 71.
“As long as there are US military bases this kind of incident will continue to happen,” she said.
A similar demonstration was being held simultaneously outside the Japanese parliament in Tokyo.
Protesters also want the scrapping of plans by Washington and Tokyo to move a major US Marine facility in the center of the island to pristine waters off the northern coast.
Okinawa’s governor Takeshi Onaga, who is attending the rally, opposes the plan and instead wants Marine Corps Air Station Futenma, which sits in the middle of a crowded city, moved off the island altogether.
He has revoked approval for work on the facility, though Washington and Tokyo vow to push forward.
The idea to move the base was sparked by the 1995 rape by three American personnel of a 12-year-old girl and though the project was set to have been completed years ago it remains held up by local opposition and legal maneuvering.
“Japan is still a military colony of the United States,” said teacher Noboru Kitano, 59, standing at an observation point overlooking the Futenma base, widely seen as a danger to nearby residents. “This base symbolizes that.”
The roots of the presence goes back to the end of World War II when Okinawa was the site of a battle between Japan and the US, followed by a 27-year American occupation.